Farming By Joey C.

Agriculture- The raising of animals and/or the growing of crops to obtain food for primary consumption by the farm family or to sell.

Neolithic Revolution

  • People discovered how to farm
  • Could store their own food
  • Food sources became more reliable
  • Able to settle down and establish permanent settlements near their food.

Agriculture originated in multiple places around the world. Southwest Asia, East Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America.

Animal domestication began in the fertile crescent.

Subsistence Agriculture- where people only grow enough to survive.

2nd Agriculture Revolution

  • Technological advances
  • Began with new methods
  • crop rotation, better horse collars
  • New technologies- replace human labor with machines, supplement natural fertilizers, and pesticides with chemicals

3rd Agricultural Revolution

  • Began in 1940s
  • New strains of seeds and fertilizers and dramatically increased crop output
  • scientists found new hybrid strains of wheat maize, and rice capable of producing more food.
  • Increased protection from pests and diseases

Green Revolution

  • Biotechnology
  • hormones and steroids
  • New fertilizers
  • Pesticides and herbicides
  • Mechanization
  • Irrigation
  • Food production outpaced population growth
  • Not able to completely eradicate hunger
  • Norman Borlaug

GMOS

A (genetically modified organism) is the result of a laboratory process where genes of one species are extracted and artificially forced into the genes of an unrelated plant or animal. Can give the new plant/animal disease resistance or higher yield. Some disadvantages are that some insects and diseases grow resistant to the genes of the plant in order to survive.

Commercial Agriculture

They grow crops to make money. They use many large farms, equipment, and workers. It includes fruit, grains, and livestock. Livestock farming would be considered extensive commercial agriculture. Capital Intense farming is lots of input going into food production and the labor is intensive.

Organic Agriculture

  • concerns over presence of chemicals in system
  • sales of organic foods on the rise
  • grown everywhere
  • demand in wealthier countries

Four Fun Facts

  1. Like snowflakes, no two cows have exactly the same pattern of spots.
  2. Elevators in the Statue of Liberty use a soybean-based hydraulic fluid.
  3. One pound of wool can make 10 miles of yarn. There are 150 yards (450 feet) of wool yarn in a baseball.
  4. Soybeans are an important ingredient for the production of crayons. In fact, one acre of soybeans can produce 82,368 crayons.

Credits:

Created with images by tpsdave - "tractor grain mixer rural" • UnitedSoybeanBoard - "Corn Fields" • History Maps - "Prehistoric - Farm Tools" • PB_Hausarbeiten - "fertilecrescentnatufian" • reachwater.org.uk - "untitled image" • dok1 - "VC Fertilizers" • USDAgov - "20140325-OSEC-LSC-0194" • maria-anne - "tractor agriculture tractors" • USDAgov - "20120414-DM-LSC-2927"

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.