Natural Resources: iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, rare earth elements, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower
agricultural land: 6.8%
arable land 4.7%; permanent crops 0.5%; permanent pasture 1.6%
other: 59.1% (2011 est.)
Natural Hazards: permafrost in the north, quite dangerous, there are cyclonic storms east of the Rocky Mountains, a result of the mixing of air masses from the Arctic, Pacific, and North American interior, and produce most of the country's rain and snow east of the mountains
Environmental Issues: metal smelting, coal-burning utilities, and vehicle emissions impacting on agricultural and forest productivity; air pollution and resulting acid rain severely affecting lakes and damaging forests; ocean waters becoming contaminated due to agricultural, industrial, mining, and forestry activities
People and Society
Age Structure/ Dependency:
0-14 years: 15.44% (male 2,799,758/female 2,661,645)
15-24 years: 12.12% (male 2,204,127/female 2,080,587)
25-54 years: 40.32% (male 7,231,200/female 7,028,692)
55-64 years: 13.94% (male 2,443,452/female 2,484,788)
65 years and over: 18.18% (male 2,863,114/female 3,565,542) (2016 est.)
Population Growth Rate:
total dependency ratio: 47.3%
youth dependency ratio: 23.5%
elderly dependency ratio: 23.8%
potential support ratio: 4.2% (2015 est.)
urban population: 81.8% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.22% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
total population: 81.9 years
male: 79.2 years
female: 84.6 years (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 19
Total Fertility Rate:
1.6 children born/woman (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 183
10.4% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 15
GDP: $1.532 trillion (2015 est.)
7.1% (2016 est.)
6.9% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 83
9.4% (Canada does not have an official poverty line)
$402.4 billion (2016 est.)
$411 billion (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, aircraft, telecommunications equipment; chemicals, plastics, fertilizers; wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity, aluminum
Export Partners: US 76.7% (2015)
$1.608 trillion (31 March 2016 est.)
$1.55 trillion (31 March 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 14
total subscriptions: 15.902 million
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 45 (July 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 17
total: 31.053 million
percent of population: 88.5% (July 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 21
Slovenians see Canada as a very cheerful welcoming country; however, they have not been taught nor do they know too much about Canada. Many were linked to having family in various parts of Canada such as Vancouver. When asked to think of something representative of Canada they chose their English professor, a middle aged white woman.
The Dutch appreciate and respect Canada for its openness and natural beauty, they hold those values of a country higher than others. In the Netherlands people dislike Americans and they do not to like them as much as Canadians. Many of the Dutch are welcoming to Canadians and enjoy giving them directions and other bits of small help. People began disliking Canada and appreciating the United states more because of the newly elected government heads, the Dutch feel Stephen Harper is too economy based; however, the people like the approach Obama is taking with America.
Slovakians do not know much about Canada; however, this seems to be in Canadas favour as the nation is viewed as a better United States. Many Slovaks blame America for many of the world’s problems and view Canada as a country that is acting to improve the situation. Overall Slovakia has a very positive view of Canada.
Surveys have shown that the United States are very grateful for their neighbours; however, they know very little about them. More Canadians visit the U.S than vice versa even though America has a population that is greater by as much as nine times. Powers in D.C no longer consider the Canada and United States relationship special anymore. There is much America can still learn from Canada, for example, Canada’s healthcare system, schooling, federalism, and much more. The United States has also been viewed by the world as a somewhat experimental country when in reality Canada may be closer to that. Canada has had two referendums that could have completely broken the country apart and the nation has gone through its own rights revolution since the Charter was established in 1982. Vast changes have taken place in Canada making it a bigger discussion of topic than before.
Israel recognizes the academics of Canada and its culture. Many students in Israel study Canadian literature, law, geography, and language. Canada is recognized as a well-established, free, democratic country with a strong economy and wonderful people.
Canada was long left out of a course syllabus as the country was not seen to be very influential politically. National interests eventually became a top priority for Canada. Stephen Harper began signing economic policies with China for the sake of national interests, at the same time people were able to learn more about Canada and they understood the nation had well established rights, and they were great at defending justice and democracy in the world. Chinese people now view Canada as somewhat the pinnacle of justice. Canada’s reputation has significantly changed as the country is viewed as dynamic and diverse. Schools in China study Canada’s multiculturalism because it is believed to be the best solution to solve any ethnic conflict in the world.
India and Canada share many economic and political interests; however, there has always been a rift in their relationship. Slowly this relationship is beginning to get better economically and politically. Courses have been established that looks at issues Indians on Canada may face.
When Canada became more conservative and less concerned internationally Germans began to stop learning about Canada’s politics and economy. Canada has now become more of a focus due to its multi-cultural society and how well a nation of immigrants can function.
Canadian literature is often dismissed in the UK but scholars find bringing together literary communities in Toronto and Northwest England can play great relevance to society and bring the nations closer. Studying and learning about Canada through literature can lead to different outlooks on life and new ways of living.
Poland views Canada as a very young but illustrious country with great history. Canada is seen as a gothic country that has solved its problems head on. Ultimately the country is envisioned as a vastly diverse multicultural society.
Canada is very important to Venezuelans. It has recuperated their democracy and freedom. Many Venezuelans have gone to study in Canada to return and better their own nation. Canada is a prime example of justice and freedom.
Canada is widely regarded for its quality of life. Ireland wants to use Canada to understand their policies of integration and multiculturalism to benefit their own nation.
Mexico is concerned with learning from Canada in terms of its policies, climate change proposals, renewable energy, water sanitation and consumption. Mexico has received help from Canada to build stronger more unified communities and they look to learn and work together more in the future.