What is Ebola? -Ebola is a very dangerous disease caused by the Ebola virus and causes internal and external bleeding and damages the immune system. The Ebola virus is contagious so someone can receive it through the bodily fluids of another contaminated person.
What are the symptoms of Ebola? -Symptoms of Ebola include a high fever, joint and muscle aching, sore throat, stomach pain, lack of appetite, and headaches. As it worsens, people can also experience bleeding inside the body and also bleeding from the eyes, ears, and nose. It primary infects the immune system (blood) and involves many of the organs because of internal bleeding. Ebola is a lethal disease and kills up to 90% of infected people, but is very rare. Ebola is an acute viral infection, but can cause chronic health problems.
One of the symptoms of Ebola is a high fever.
What are the treatment options for Ebola? At the moment, there is no cure for the Ebola virus. Current treatment options include keeping the infected person hydrated through an IV, giving them oxygen, giving them electrolytes, treating any other infections they have, maintaining their blood pressure, and blood transfusions. Treatment also includes an experimental serum that supposedly kills infected cells.
Gaining fluids through an IV is an important treatment for Ebola.
How common is Ebola in the USA? Where in the world is it more common? Ebola is most common in West Africa. As of April 2016, there were 11,325 deaths due to the Ebola virus in Africa. It is very contagious and lethal there. Ebola has made an appearance in the US because a man coming from West Africa brought it into the US. Then, 2 healthcare workers that helped the original Ebola patient were infected with the virus as well. They both recovered a few weeks after they were diagnosed. Most recently, in October 2014, a US healthcare worker came back from serving in Guinea, and he was diagnosed with Ebola. He recovered as well. There have been 4 cases of Ebola in the US, but it is under control right now.
This is a map of the most affected places in West Africa, and is color coded by the number of total cases in that location.
Works cited: http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/ebola-fever-virus-infection; http://www.virology.ws/2009/02/13/acute-viral-infections/, https://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/