Definition: Cystic Fibrosis is a hereditary disorder that affects the Exocrine Glands. It is when the glands produce an abnormally thick mucus, that blocks the pancreatic ducts, intestines, and bronchi, normally resulting in Respiratory Infections.
Cause: The cause is a defect in the CFTR gene which causes Cystic Fibrosis.
Statistics: More than 70,000 people world wide have this disease, More than 75% of people are diagnosed by age two.
Signs and Symptoms: Frequent coughing and spitting out mucus, sometimes bloody. Mucus can block tubes , or ducts in your pancreas, which prevents enzymes from reaching your intestines and as a result you're body can not fully absorb fats and proteins.
Detection: Cystic Fibrosis is diagnosed by a genetic test or if a blood test suggests CF. A doctor can confirm this by doing a sweat test. This kind of test sees how much salt is in the sweat. High salt levels confirm CF.
After Birth Detection:Most children are screened at birth for CF and diagnosed by the age of two.
Treatment: The most common kind of treatment is lung therapy, where a physician helps exercise and prescribe medications to help. Pulmonary Rehabilitation may be recommend.
Long Term Effects: The long term effects of this disease are that it can cause sever damage to the respiratory and digestive systems. The Damage is mostly due to a larger build up of thick and sticky mucus in the organs. The most commonly effected organ is the Lungs.