Sociology by Sam Smith


Definition: the study of the development, structure and functioning of society

Sociology covers six areas of study:

Studying Society

Studying Society - learning about sociologists, their views, research and impacts they have on us as a society

Key words and terms include:

  1. Culture
  2. Values
  3. Norms
  4. Beliefs
  5. Feminism
  6. Marxism (Karl Marx)
  7. Functionalism
  8. New Right


Family - learning about families and households, the changes that have occurred in their structures, and how society has affected them

Key figures and sociologists associated with the unit of family include:

  1. Murdoch - Traditional Family Features
  2. Talcott Parsons - The Basic and Irreducible Functions of the Family (1959)
  3. Ann Oakley - Feminsim
  4. Crompton and Lyonette - Dual earner households (2008)
  5. Gatrell - Maternal roles (2008)
  6. Charter - Negative views on the new man (2007)


Education - learning about the history and changes in education, anti-school subculture, material deprivation and cultural capitals

Key terms and phrases include:

  1. Social Policies
  2. Curriculum
  3. Higher Education
  4. Ethnocentricity
  5. Inclusion
  6. Exclusion

Crime and Deviance

Crime and Deviance - learning about conformity to laws and rules, antisocial behaviours and social sanctions and control

Key ideas to do with crime and deviance include:

  1. Surveillance
  2. Agents of Social Control
  3. White Collar Crime
  4. Chivalry Thesis
  5. Institutional Racism
  6. Stigmatising
  7. Subculture

Mass Media

Mass Media - learning about the media's affect on the general public and society, data protection and body image

Key words and terms include:

  1. Bias
  2. Image
  3. Censorship
  4. Audience
  5. Propaganda
  6. Interactivity
  7. Tabloid
  8. Digital Media

Social Inequality

Social Inequality - learning and referring to the generalisations and stigmatisations of ethnic and social groups and exclusions within society

Key words and terms include:

  1. Globalisation
  2. Patriarchy
  3. Matriarchy
  4. Asylum Seekers
  5. Ethnic Minorities
  6. Status
  7. Sexism
  8. Feminism
  9. Racism

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