World Religions hALEY CREWS

Buddhism

BASIC BELIEFS

  • Samadhi is the practice of concentration, meditation, and mental development.
  • The Four Noble Truths consist of Dukkha, Samudaya, Nirodha, and Magga.
  • The Five Precepts: do not kill, do not steal, do not lie, do not misuse sex, do not consume alcohol or other drugs.

HISTORY OF BUDDHISM

Buddhism spans from from the 5th century BC to today. Buddhism is one of the oldest religions. It arose in Ancient India and centered in Ganges Valley. The religion became more popular and spread throughout Asia and influenced the continent. Buddhism is now a well known and well taught religion.

SOURCES

  • http://www.religioustolerance.org/buddhism1.htm
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Buddhism#Early_Buddhism1

Christianity

Basic Beliefs

  • Jesus was the son of God
  • Jesus sacrificed his life for our sins
  • There is only one God

History of Christianity

Christianity began in the mid-1st century AD. It began to spread quickly through out the Eastern part of the world. Christianity was successfully adopted by a state religion in Georgia, Roman Empire, Aksumite Empire, and Armenia in the 4th century. Christianity is still a well known religion even today, especially here in Utah.

Sources

  • http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/society/christianity-central-beliefs.html
  • http://christianity.about.com/od/christiandoctrines/a/basicdoctrines.htm

Hinduism

Basic Beliefs

  • Truth is eternal
  • Individual souls are immortal
  • Everyone should strive to achieve dharma

History of hinduism

The history of Hinduism overlaps with the development of Indian religions since Iron Age of India. The religion, Hinduism, was under Islamic and Hindu rulers from c. 1200 to 1750 CE. Hinduism was called the "oldest living religion" in the world. It also divided into 3 different periods of development.

sources

  • http://www.dummies.com/religion/hinduism/core-beliefs-of-hindus/
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Hinduism

Islam

basic beliefs

  • Belief in the prophets
  • Belief in the scriptures
  • Belief in the final judgement

history of islam

Historians believe that Islam was created in Medina and Mecca in the beginning of the 7th century. In both the 13th and 14th centuries the Islamic world was weakened and destroyed by the loss of a lot of people in the Black Death, and the Mongol invasion from the east. In the Early Modern period, the Mughals, Safavids, and Ottomans created new world powers again.

sources

  • http://www-pub.naz.edu/~hon313/5-central-beliefs-Horn.htm
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Islam

Judaism

basic beliefs

  • Do not misuse the name of God
  • Do not commit adultery
  • Honor and respect your father and mothe

History of judaism

Judaism was first recorded during the Hellenistic period, but the earliest mention of Israel is inscribed on the Mernephtah Stele and is dated 1213-1203 BCE. Stories are still told that Israelites go back at least as far as c. 1500 BCE. Jews were spread throughout the Roman Empire. Today Israel has a population of over 8 million people and 6 million of those people are Jewish. Some of the largest Jewish communities are in Israel and the United States.

Sources

  • http://www.uri.org/kids/world_juda_basi.htm
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jewish_history

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