Malaria Guadalupe Vasquez

  • Malaria is neither a virus or a bacterium, it is just a single celled parasite that multiplies in the liver more than 10,000 times.
  • After, it multiplies it burst into the blood stream and starts to infect the red blood cells.
  • Malaria causes the red blood cells to burst once they are infected.
  • Malaria can cause swelling in blood vessels of the brain, an accumulation of fluid in the lungs that can cause breathing problems, and low blood sugar.
  • Dead blood cells may block blood vessels in these organs often resulting of an enlarged spleen, kidney failure, and liver failure.
  • Malaria could be a fatal disease and illness but it can be prevented.
  • Malaria is spread by a bite of an infected anopheles mosquito.
  • Malaria is a mosquito borne disease caused by a parasite.
  • It only takes one bite from an infected female anopheles mosquito to transmit malaria.
  • You are only able to get malaria if you are bitten by an infected mosquito or if you receive infected blood from someone the already had the disease.
  • Only a female type Anopheles mosquito to cause malaria.
  • Malaria can be transmitted from one person to another.
  • Pregnant woman are extremely vulnerable to malaria.
  • If a pregnant woman is infected with malaria it can pass the disease to her infant during pregnancy.
  • If the disease is contracted during pregnancy and could be passed to the infant in which the infant could result with low birth weight which could occur death.
  • Malaria can also be transmitted through an organ transplant, a transfusion of blood, use of shared needles or syringes.
  • Many parasites has progressively developed resistance to many malaria drugs.
  • Need to check with a doctor about the regions malaria status by the altitude, camping or hotel stay, length of stay, rural or urban areas, season or time of the day to help prevent it.
  • To help prevent malaria you need to check with the doctor to take antimalarial drugs before and after traveling.
  • Malaria can be prevented with certain types medications are able to be provided for certain type of malaria disease that is diagnosed.
  • Malaria could be prevented with vaccines.
  • President Malaria Initiative are working to help prevent the diseases caused by malaria.
  • Malaria prevention and controls remains a major U.S. foreign assistance objective and supports the U.S. Governments vision of ending, preventable child, maternal deaths, and extreme poverty.
  • Some malaria parasites are resistance to some drugs that were reported but are now being changed so they would not be resistance to malaria.
  • Many travelers take antimalarial drugs for prophylaxis by suspending the appearance of malaria symptoms.
  • If malaria is left untreated it may develop severe complications or die.
  • Treatments for malaria are based on country-level-assessment according to the type of malaria that is in the country .
  • The treatment to prevent malaria depends on many factors of the type of the disease.
  • The treatments to prevent malaria are based on the type of malaria disease you have.
  • There are four types of interventions to treat malaria they are indoor residual spraying, insecticide-treated mosquito nets, intermittent preventive treatment for pregnant woman, and diagnosis and treatment with life saving drugs.
  • Many people are treated with syntetic quinine-based drugs.
  • Malaria can cause cerebral malaria (coma, life long learning disabilities and death).
  • Malaria can cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring on skin and eyes) because of loss red blood cells.
  • Malaria can cause seizures and mental confusion.
  • Malaria has caused the death of many young children and adults.
  • Mostly young children under five are the most infected.
  • If not treated promptly it will develop into hypoglycemia or capillaries carrying blood to the brain are blocked.
  • Malaria can affect kidneys, liver, brain, and the blood could be fatal.
  • May cause perspiration and weakness.
  • May cause cerebral malaria with abnormal behavior, impairmentof consciousness, severe anemia due to hemolysis, hemoglobinura, pulmonary edema, abnormalitiesin blood coagulation and thrombocytiopenia, and cardiovascular colaspe and shock.
  • An infected person could start feeling the symptoms until a week or a month after being bitten.
  • A fever cycle occurs when the burst of the red blood cells are release more plasmodium parasites into the bloodstream.
  • There are three stages of the fever cycle, the first stage is with chills and uncontrollable shivering, the second stage is with high temperatures up to 105 degrees, and the third stage is with sweating that brings the temperature down.
  • All symptoms are associated with malaria are caused by the asexual erythrocytic or blood stage parasites.
  • Malaria symptoms can be ranged from absent to mild symptoms to a severe disease or even death.
  • Symptoms may begin from ten days to four weeks from being bitten, but some people may start to feel the symptoms no later than seven days.
  • Some symptoms can include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, and muscle aches.
  • Malaria is not contagious, it would not be contracted through contact with a person that has the disease, or sexually.
  • There are five types of parasites that can cause malaria they are plasmodium falciparum, plasmodium vivax, plasmodium ovale, plasmodium malariae, plasmodium knowlesi.
  • The plasmoduium falciparum is the most dangerous parasite, the infection would kill you rapidly, where as the other types of parasites would cause illness but not death.
  • Malaria is mostly found in tropical and subtropical climates.
  • Malaria usually breeds in warmer climates where there is an abundance of humidity and rain.
  • The majority of cases in the United States are travelers that are coming back from countries where the transmission of malaria occurs.
  • About 1,500 cases are diagnosed in the United States from return travelers.
  • Malaria exists in 103 countries, affecting 3.3 billion people and children but ninety percent are malaria-related deaths.
  • More than 1,500 cases are diagnosed each year.
  • An estimate of chrildren dying every minute from malaria.

Works Cited

"11 Facts About Malaria." | Volunteer for Social Change. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

Burke, Darla. "Malaria." Healthline. Healthline Media, 14 Dec. 2015. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

"Fighting Malaria." U.S. Agency for International Development. Web. 24 Apr. 2017.

"Malaria." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 6 May. 2011. Web. 27 Apr. 2017.

"Malaria." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 28 Mar. 2017. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

"Malaria." Malaria - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis - Web. 24 Apr. 2017.

“Malaria Symptoms and Causes.” Malaria. Web. 24 Apr. 2017.

"What Is Malaria?" Malaria No More. Web. 24 Apr. 2017.

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