Sedimentary Rocks By: Andell Phillip

There are 3 types of rocks in the world: Sedimentary,Metamorphic,and Igneous rocks.

Sedimentary Rocks are rocks made of materials like sand,clay,and/or pebbles that have been cemented together.

Sedimentary Rocks are classified by their Texture, Grain Size , and Composition

This is what scientists use to identify some basic sedimentary rocks

The texture of a rock is the size, shape, and arrangement of the grains (for sedimentary rocks) or crystals (for igneous and metamorphic rocks). Sedimentary Rocks have 3 textures: Clastic,Crystalline,and Bioclastic. Clastic sedimentary rocks are rocks composed predominantly of broken pieces or clasts of older weathered and eroded rocks. Clastic sediments or sedimentary rocks are classified based on grain size, clast and cementing material (matrix) composition, and texture. Chemical sedimentary rocks are crystalline, that is made of crystals interlocked with each other. Conceptually, that is the same texture we see in igneous and metamorphic rocks, but NOT in clastic sedimentary rocks. Bioclastic rocks are composed of organic debris such as plants (lignite, coal) or shells (coquina, fossiliferous limestone). Chemical Rocks. Chemical rocks precipitate from water. These include carbonates (limestone and dolomite), evaportites (halite, gypsum, anhydrite), and chert (SiO2). Textures of Sedimentary Rocks.

Above are examples of Clastic, Crystalline, and Bioclastic sedimentary rocks

Particle size, also called grain size, refers to the diameter of individual grains of sediment, or the lithified particles in clastic rocks. The term may also be applied to other granular materials.

These are the different grain sizes for Clastic sedimentary rocks

Composition is the act of combining parts or elements to form a whole. manner of being composed; structure or an aggregate material formed from two or more substances

The composition of basic clastic rock are shown in the third column
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Phil The Legendary Hero

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