The Secret Service was established by Abraham Lincoln on April 14, 1865. This was the same day he was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth (Shea). After the assassination, the idea moved fast. It was put into action on July 5, 1865, and they appointed their first chief, William Wood. He designed the service to catch frauds and the act of counterfeiting money under the Treasury Department after the Civil War. Which is strange because most people think of the Secret Service only as protecting the President, but that was not its purpose. However, they started helping local police with the presidential inauguration in 1885. This was the start of the protection aspect of the service. It was not until 1902 that the government required the Secret Service to begin offering full protection for the President. As years passed this expanded to the Vice President along with their families. This led to them protecting the major candidates and national leaders. Today, the Secret Service is under the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, and they spend millions of dollars every year to provide these services to the presidents and candidates. In 2000, they spent about $54 million. Whereas in 2012, around $113.4 million was spent protecting the candidates (“United”). The protection continues to become more advanced as years go by.