The Northern Renaissance
- The population of Northern Europe had decreased due to the plague, but grew after the end of the 100 year war.
- Artists were really interested in realism
- Inspired northern humanists to develop plans for some social reform based on Judeo-Chrsitian values.
- After he traveled to Italy to study, he traveled back to Germany to make engravings and woodcuts of various religious subjects.
- He helped spread Renaissance styles because his artwork was so popular.
- Painted portraits that look like pictures, because they are so full of detail
- Created portraits of many members of the English royal family
Jan Van Eyck
- Developed techniques of oil painting that artists still use.
- He created a variety of subtle colors by adding layer of paint over layer of paint.
- Another famous Renaissance painter was Bruegel, who was also interested in realistic details and painting people
- He was very good at painting events where there were large amounts of people, such as dances, weddings, and harvests.
- His most famous work is titled, "The Praise of Folly". He poked fun at greedy merchants, heartsick lovers, and quarrelsome scholars in this book.
- He thought that in order to improve society, everyone needed to study the bible.
- "Erasmus believed in a Christianity of the heart, not one of ceremonies or rules"
- Wrote in Latin, but as his work became more popular, it was translated in different languages.
- He wrote about an ideal place, which he called a Utopia. He tried to show a better model of society through this.
- "In Utopia, because there was little greed, Utopians had little use for money"
Christine de Pizan
- She was a highly educated woman for this time, and was one of the first women to earn a living as a writer.
- She spoke out against the schooling of only young men, and not women.
- She wrote many books, including short stories, novels, and biographies in French.