Efforts have been made to improve education and reduce illiteracy. History has proven that the once concerning rate is progressing. In 1971, overall literacy in children was estimated to be about 58 per cent, ranging from 77 per cent in the cities to only 52 per cent in rural areas. Literacy rates have dramatically improved with the current proficiencies around 95 per cent.
The number of children who drop out of school in Jakarta is not improving. Based on the Ministry of Education and Culture's data, there are more than 1.8 million children each year that cannot continue their education. This is caused by three factors, their parents inability to provide money for uniforms, shoes and textbooks, children who are forced to work to support the family, and marriage at an early age.