Ceasare Becucaria March 15, 1738- november 28, 1794

Ceasares background

Ceasare was a man who thought that people's punishments for what they did should be equal to the offense made. He was an Italian criminologist who fought so people wouldn't be punished more brutally than he believed they should have been. He took time as a criminologist to look over data of crimes that were committed and found ways to prevent these crimes from happening again and ways to predict when I was coming up again. Aside from his job as a criminologist he was a jurist, philosopher, and politician. He was born on November 28th 1794 in Milan, Italy.

Summary of ceasare's ideas

Cesare Beccaria believes that torture is cruel, and that it violates the principle that people must be proven guilty in the courts prior to punishment. He also doesn't believe in the use of capital punishment. He believed in the social contract and that people should have the right to say whether or not they wanna live with society or alone. He fought with government about their right to have created laws and for placing punishments on people who aren't righteous. His moves resulted in swift punishment and the abolishment of death sentences in the United States.

Impact of idea on society

Ceasare made it so torture was outlawed or reduced in all of Europe and the Americas. This was something he stood by very strongly and did anything in his power to change it. To do this he helped form a society called the Academy of Fists. This was dedicated to the economic, political, and administrative reform. In 1764 he published an influential on crimes and punishments. This changed people's outlook on the way punishments should be made.

The impact Cesares thoughts had on society

At first there was people against ceasare and his thoughts on torture. Later when he began to explain himself society began to be more open about it and accepted change. He then was able to develop rights for people who had done wrong. Society changed because people were given rights even after committing such crimes.

Quote of wisdoM

"If the same punishment is prescribed for two crimes, that injure society in different degrees, then men will face no stronger deterrent from committing the bigger crime if they find it in their advantage to do so."

Meaning no matter how big your crime is the punishment should be equal to damage you did and not how big of a problem it was. It's about what it caused.


Created with images by Unsplash - "light bulb lights electricity" • Hans - "painting human faces" • ElisaRiva - "head brain thoughts" • DariuszSankowski - "knowledge book library"

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