The Natural Sciences AOK 2

  • Lucas Melanson
  • Melonie and Aditya
  • AOK Badge: Natural Sciences.

Journals

Scientific method

I agree with this guy, he makes some good points about science. Although he does point that some things are only theories, i agree that fact should be based upon observable realities. Especially in schools, these realities should be presented as they are. For example, until grade 11 I thought that the electrons orbited the nucleus like planets.Things that are only conjecture should be labeled as such.

What did I learn today?

The elective readings that I read today were very interesting. The first one that I read was about the not knowing nature of science. As a student trying to pack as much knowledge into my brain for the IB exam, it is easy to believe that all science is known, and if I don’t know something it is in my textbook somewhere, but the reality of science is that it is about what we don’t know and how we try to find the answers. One can know findings of experiments, but eventually you get into the unknown. I also read the article on the care effect and how homeopathic medicine works. This article gave a good insight into a section of the placebo effect where people feel better when they are looked after.

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Is there just one scientific method?

Which methods of reasoning exert the strongest influence on the scientific method?

To what extent can we be certain about knowledge in the natural sciences

Despite humankind’s efforts to turn the process of discovery into a set procedure, the scientific method takes many different forms. It can be said that there is no definite scientific method. Take the example of serendipitous discoveries. Serendipitous discoveries are are called mistakes, whereas a scientist was trying to do something that they set out to do and then ended up discovering something completely different. Take the example of the discovery of polytetrafluorethylene. In 1938 Roy Plunkett was tasked with producing a less volatile refrigerant for the Dupont company. During this task, he produced tetrafluoroethylene gas which he stored in iron cylinders. Later when he wanted to use the gas he noticed that the cylinders had no pressure but still the mass as if they were full, so he cut open the cylinders to find that the gas had polymerised into a plastic. This is an example of an exception to the scientific method. If science was performed only according to one scientific method, these types of discoveries would have never happened. This is evidence that there is more than one process that one can go about to do “science”.

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Created with images by skeeze - "vials science liquids"

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