Raccoons By: Sunny kim

-Introduction-

Raccoons are medium-sized mammals that are native to North America. They are the largest of the Procyon Lotor family also known as the Procyonid family.

Habitat

Raccoons make dens in the hollow part of trees as well as abandoned burrows. They travel up to 18 miles to forage food. They are extremely adaptable and often found in suburban and urban areas.

Classification

  • Kingdom: Animal
  • Phylum: Chordate
  • Class: Mammals
  • Order: Carnivores
  • Family: Procyonid or Procyonidae
  • Genus: Raccoons
  • Species: Procyon Lotor

Geologic time

They started to appear during the Cretaceous Period. Which was around 135 million years ago.

-MOrphological/Molecular evidence-

Closest relatives

Raccoons are the closest relatives to the ring-tailed cats and cacomistles. Their genus is Bassariscus, which they diverged about 10 million years ago.

Similarities

Ring-Tailed Cats
Cacosmistles

How close are they?

They are 10 million years apart from each other. There's no specific percentage of how close both animals are.

Evidence of evolution

Through the morphological and molecular evidence, Raccoons have the most similarities with the Ring-tailed cat. They both have fox-like tails and similar colors. They also have good adaption to the environment. Which both have good ways to hunt for food and building homes for themselves. These traits could've been carried on to soon create the species of Raccoons.

-Homologous Structures-

-vestigial structures-

-Transitional Fossils-

-Comparative embryology-

Credits:

Created with images by kat+sam - "Raccoon" • nomis-simon - "Ring-tailed Lemur" • Doug Letterman - "Spotted Skunk" • edbo23 - "raccoon animal wildlife" • HealthyBacon - "raccoon nature animal" • clanctot - "baby raccoon wildlife wild" • jmwests - "Raccoon"

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