Q and A
The constitution outlines the rights and responsibilities of citizens.
What makes a good citizen?
A good citizen is one who exercises his rights and does the responsibilities assigned to him like paying taxes, as well as respecting the rights of others around them. For example, if you yelled fire inside a movie theatre, you would be exercising the right to free speech, but breaking the responsibility of maintaining public safety. If you said that the movie you just saw was bad, you are just speaking freely, and following your responsibilities. Paying taxes is a responsibility, because the tax money helps pay for things like the military, local services, roads, etc. Voting is another important right and responsibility. You have the right to vote, and you are responsible for doing it. That way the government is run by the people we choose. Being a good citizen is about using your rights and doing your responsibilities in a way that is kind, fair, and rightful to others around you
The U.S Capitol, where the laws for the U.S are made.
What is government? Why is it necessary?
Government is a central system that makes and enforces laws as well as protecting people's rights. Government makes laws to keep its citizens safe. This helps to keep order and give motive to sustain a economy. As citizens, we all get rights and responsibilities from these laws to keep society safe and fair.For example, if someone stole from you, the police would track them down and put them on trial; The possibility of punishment would demotivate the thief, and he would think twice before stealing. But the police is paid for by government, specifically to enforce laws and punish those who break them. Government helps protect the rights of the citizens. If there were no laws, then the thief would steal and get away with it. Things like currency and art would not be possible without government. It would be anarchy. Government also helps to unite people for everyday affairs such as trade and business.Before governments established currency, if you wanted to buy something, you would have to trade. Say you wanted a slice of pizza. Today, you go to the guy who sells pizza and you buy a slice with the currency that your government has decided on using. But in the olden days, you would have to barter with the pizza man. He might not want the pack of pencils your offering. He says he wants rice, and you go to the farmer. The farmer says he wants a clay jar for his rice, and so on and so forth. This made it extremely difficult to do trade in large quantities, as everyone would offer something different. But with a currency which everyone decided has value, trade and business are much easier. Government is needed to keep order and is essential to keep society running. Without government, there would be no laws and there would be no motive to advance in areas like science and arithmetic.Trade and business would be much harder. Government ensures protection to its citizens and helps develop and organized system which our modern society is built upon.
The EU flag represents the supranational cooperation in Europe
What forces work for and against supranational cooperation in the EU?
There are many forces that work for and against supranational cooperation like in the EU. One centripetal force working for the EU is the trade bloc that they form. When the EU acts as a large trading bloc, they can rival other countries in terms of their economy. They also remove tariffs, the taxes when goods cross borders. One more advantage of the EU is the fact that there are open borders. That way you don't need to go through extensive checks to cross borders. A centrifugal force that works against the EU is the the wealth differences between Eastern and Western Europe.Eastern European countries generally have stronger economies than Western European countries. And since a lot of countries in Western Europe need some money to get their economies to start improving, the EU Thames that money from wealthy EU countries. The wealthy EU countries are not the most enthusiastic about giving away money. The wealth and wage differences also have other effects, outsourcing becomes easy and profitable with open borders and no tariffs; Western Europeans are also moving to east Europe, causing housing prices to skyrocket as everyone wants a home, and the immigrants slowly drive down everyone's wages as they take jobs for lower wages. These are a few of the many forces working for and against supranational cooperation in the EU. Whether this organization will survive is up to the decisions its leaders make. Whatever may happen to the EU will depend on the centripetal and centrifugal forces that play into its success.
Sand dunes in the Sahara desert.
How do people adapt to living in a desert environment?
There are many ways that people have adapted to live in a desert region like the Sahara and Sahel. One way is by roaming in a constant search instead of staying in one location. Nomadic herders and farmers alike constantly change their location. They move to places where there are abundant recorded, use some of them, then leave. This cycle helps keep the desert healthy. When one site is all done grazing, they move to another site, and let the old one to regrow. The nomadic herding and shifting agriculture prevents the soil from blowing away, which can permanently damage the land. Other ways people have adapted is to us everything they have. All parts of the date palm are used. The leaves are burned, the fruit is eaten, the fibers are weaved into baskets, and the timber is used for construction. The locals use all parts of the date palm, this way they get everything out of their few resources. Especially because trees take lots of water to grow. They cannot be wasteful in the Sahara. There are many ways the locals in the Sahara and the Sahel have adapted to living the environment. Their survival depends on their about to constantly adapt to the unforgiving Sahara.