La Historia de Espana Amanda Baker 8 diamontes

Spain the ancient pit stop
Pre-Roman Iberia

Celtiberos - Iberian Peninsula name comes from these people. Galicia still has influences of Celtic culture (bagpipes, languages)

Rome is not big enough to conquer so they go west. West eventually ends and Instead of thinking of what to do they killed and enslaved. In 492 the Roman Empire collapses.
HISPANIA
Roman Leftovers
Visicos were invading, and knew the Romans had nothing to help them. They inhabited Spain for about 300 years.
Arabs, Berbers, Syrians from north Africa invaded the peninsula in 7/11 A.D. Easily defeat Visigoth Kingdoms, conquering nearly all of peninsula
Almost continuous fighting between Christian kingdoms in north of peninsula and Muslims, who controlled the south. they Battled for territory, land, goods, SLaves, and religion.
The toledo city of tolerance has Jews, Christians, and Muslims. it is Influenced of all three and is still evident today. Toledo has Synagogues, Churches, and cathedral Arab style architecture.
Elvis was the one helping Spain become Catholic
In 1492, Moors had divided into many small kingdoms. The Last Moorish king, in Granada, defeated in January of 1492. Spain is now Catholic
Fernando of Aragon and Isabel of Castilla Married in 1469 Uniting Christian kingdoms against the Moors. They were known as the Catholic Kings. they Solidified their power through religion. Ended the Reconquista by defeating Moors in Granada in 1492.
in 1492, the Last moorish king was defeated. all Muslims remaining in Spain were forced to leave or convert to Christianity. Then it was decided that all Jews need to leave Spain or convert to Christianity. To make sure they converted We interrogate and torture them until they confessed or put them on trial and later execute them!
A Gold Digger in Spain is someone who married another person for power.
Juana, daughter of Fernando and Isabel Marries Felipe of the powerful Habsburg family. Juana is known as “la Loca” because Legend has it that when Felipe died, she carried his coffin through the streets of Granada, stopping often to kiss the corpse of the dead king
Carlos i Reins for roughly 40 years. he is the Son of Juana la Loca and Felipe el Hermoso. he's the Holy Roman Emperor and is known as Charles V of Austria/Germany. Under his rule, Spanish Empire grew rapidly.
Carlos V used the funds that were pouring from the colonies to subsidize the many religious wars he was fighting across Europe. Spain under Carlos V became one of the strongest defenders of Catholicism, as it fought to stop the spread of the Protestant Reformation Europe. He passed on this legacy to his successor, his son Felipe
Felipe II Continued wars against Protestants In 1554. he married Mary Tudor of England in an attempt to create an international Catholic alliance. ruled england. Dutch declare independence from Spain and starts war involving England in 1588. Spain’s Invincible Armada defeated by England
La Leyenda Negra
El greco, a Painter from Greece, his real name is Domenikos Theotokopoulos. he Traveled to Spain in search of work in the decoration of El Escorial. Felipe II hated his style and refused to hire him so El Greco moves to Toledo and hits the big time by painting pictures that make fun of Felipe
VISTA DE TOLEDO EL GRECO
Felipe II is succeeded by his son, the aptly named Felipe III (1598-1621). Felipe III dies and his son takes the throne. Felipe IV reigns from 1621-1665. Felipe IV reigns over one of the richest cultural periods in Spanish history: the Siglo de Oro
La vida es sueño
END OF HABSBURGs. Felipe IV’s son, Carlos II is known as “El Hechizado” (“the Bewitched”) died in 1700, leaving no heir to ascend to the throne of Spain.
The War of Spanish Succession pitted royal families and their nations against each other to see who would rule Spain. War ends in 1713, with Spain losing Gibraltar to the English Felipe V, the Bourbon grandson of Louis XIV, becomes King of Spain. The Bourbon family remains the royal family of Spain today.
The bourbons were Competent rulers, but more concerned with life at court. they made Efforts to convert Spain into a modern state, based on Neoclassical ideas of the Enlightenment.
Carlos IV was the Grandson of Felipe V (son of Carlos III). he did a Total incomplete Dealing with Napoleon leads to use of lots of dynamite.
Rebellion o f 2 May 1808 in Madrid begins War of Spanish Independence. Joseph Bonaparte removed from the throne of Spain in 1812 During the upheaval, most of the colonies in America gain independence. Constitution of 1812 establishes a parliamentary monarchy.
Fernando VII dies without a male heir, leaving only his daughter, Isabel. The country is divided on the issue of a woman ruler Supporters of Fernando’s brother, Carlos faces off against more liberal supporters of Isabel in several “Guerras Carlistas” Isabel II regions from 1833-1868
The “Glorious Revolution” removes Isabel from power. in 1868 An short-lived experiment places King Amadeo de Saboya, an Italian, on the throne from 1870-1873
The First Spanish Republic is proclaimed in 1873 It ends in 1874
Unable to put a stop to the political tension and low morale of the country, Alfonso XII allows a military general to establish a dictatorship from 1923-1931 The dictatorship is unable to solve the problems of the country In 1931, elections are held to determine if Spain should continue a monarchy or give democracy another try.
The Second Republic of Spain is established in 1931, ushering in an era of hope and optimism. They set up a new, progressive constitution, which gives women the right to vote, allows divorce, separates the Church from the State, and creates public schools.

The new government creates an even deeper political and social divide. The military, the church and the upper classes think their are too many changes going on. Socialists and Communist factions think their are not enough changes and want more change, faster.

General Francisco Franco stages a military revolt in 1936, beginning the Civil War Franco’s fascist troops are aided by forces from Germany and Italy. Republican forces get very little help War ends in 1939 , with Franco’s Nationalist forces winning.
Francis dictator of Spain from 1939 until his death in 1975 Idealized “glory years” of Spain under Carlos V and Felipe II Gender roles, religion, regionalism banned, censorship Exile of artists, intellectuals, scientists
Basque terrorist group ETA assassinates Franco’s chosen successor Franco chooses Grandson of Alfonso XIII to take over Upon Franco’s death in 1975, Juan Carlos I de Borbon becomes King of Spain

Instead of continuing Franco’s policies or establishing an absolute monarchy, Juan Carlos declares democracy in Spain. He names Adolfo Suarez as first Prime Minister. Suarez begins the period known as the Transition

In 1978, Suarez in elected in the first elections held in Spain since 1936 In 80’s Felipe Gonzalez leads Spain out of isolation, joining NATO and the EU. Jose Maria Aznar increases Spain’s influence in the world, with a growing economy and a strong alliance with the USA
On march 11, 2004, Islamic fundamentalist terrorists place bombs on several commuter trains in Madrid, killing nearly 200 and injuring over 2,000
2 days after the attack, elections proclaim Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero the new Prime Minister of Spain His first action, as promised, was to withdraw Spanish troops from the US war with Iraq. He won re-election in 2008
As a parliamentary monarchy, Spain retains its royal family, although all government decisions are handled by Parliament and the President of the Government

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Created with images by Efraimstochter - "spain flag flutter"

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