Jains believe that the world they live in really exists and is not an illusion. The universe is made of living things, jivas, and non living things, ajivas. It was not created by a god, it has and will always exist. The universe is in five parts, the supreme abode (where liberated souls live for ever), the upper world (where celestial beings live, but not for ever), the middle world (where human beings live), the lower world (consists of the seven hells where people are tormented by demons and each other), and the base (where the lowest forms of life live).
Role of Women: A women's very femaleness creates spiritual inequality. They are not allowed to be naked in public because this makes them be seen as second-class citizens. This ban keeps men from experiencing a sexual desire. Menstrual blood is a sign of impurity. Digambara sect believes women cannot achieve liberation without being reborn as men first, but the Svetambara sect disagrees.
The Swastika - the four arms symbolize the four states of existence; heavenly beings, human beings, hellish beings, and Tiryancha.
The Jain flag has 5 entities that symbolize enlightened beings, liberated souls, spiritual leaders, spiritual teachers, and spiritual practitioners.
The Jain emblem symbolizes the universe. The upper is heaven, the middle is the material world, and the inner is hell.
The Jain Ahimsa means non-violence and non-injury. It is symbolized with a wheel inside of a hand.
The liberated soul represents the ultimate goal of ethical living.