The World in 1800 By Vinoj.M

The Industrial Revolution, which took place from the 18th to 19th centuries, was a period during which predominantly agrarian, rural societies in Europe and America became industrial and urban.

Prior to the Industrial Revolution, which began in Britain in the late 1700s, manufacturing was often done in people’s homes, using hand tools or basic machines. Industrialization marked a shift to powered machinery, factories and mass production.

The iron and textile industries, along with the development of the steam engine, played central roles in the Industrial Revolution, which also saw improved systems of transportation, communication and banking.


The industrial revolution began in Europe (mainly England) because coal was easily accessible. The coal was burned for energy and was great for powering machinery. This was great for travelling with the invention of the steam train, but many people lost their jobs because of the large, productive factories.

Social (before)

  • People lived on farms
  • Farmed and worked by hand
  • Grew crops for home consumption
  • Relied on basic tools
  • Children learned to help on the farm
  • Ate dark rye bread and porridge
  • Didn't eat much meat and fruits
  • Illiterate
  • Rarely bathed
  • Population didn't grow
  • Long work hours


  • Many families moved to the city
  • Most people worked in factories
  • No recreational activities
  • Lots of people in one house
  • Population boom
  • Anger as industrialisation took over many peoples jobs
  • Kids went to school so adults got jobs
  • Doubled life expectancy

North America

They used slaves from Africa to work in hot climates on the cotton plantations. It was also cheap labour. The black people weren't treated fairly and were discriminated against by the whites. Half the population was black but they were treated like the minority. Men were superior to women. The Americans spied on the british and copied the machines.

Economic (before)

  • Merchants provide cottage workers with materials for making cloth and paid them for their work
  • Farmers grew crops for their family
  • People were poor
  • No international trade


  • Economic activity shifted from country side to the cities
  • Textiles were first to be industrialised
  • People grew in wealth
  • Capitalism
  • People lost their jobs
  • Machines took over farming
  • The rich invested in factories
  • Exported to other countries
  • Steam trains improved travel times


Mostly conquered by the British. Industrialisation had a big impact as most people were farmers. Lots of competition for factory jobs. Diverse place with Islam, Christianity, Buddhism and Hinduism. Japan industrialised later. India had big supply of cotton.

Political (before)

  • Large lower class
  • No middle class
  • Upper class minority
Before Industrial Revolution


  • New middle class
  • Working class were in middle class
  • Small lower class
  • Small upper class
  • Lack of laws during early stages
After industrial revolution

Thank you

Created By
Vinoj Mohanachandran

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