The US Constitution & Guiding Principals

What is the Constitution and it's purpose?

The Constitution is a document that is made up of three branches of government... legislative, executive, and judicial branch. It organizes government and powers of states too. It's based on principals that consist of rulers, beliefs, ideas, theories, etc. The constitution was written because it is basic rights of a citizen of the US and is made up of laws. It was signed in Pennsylvania on September 17, 1787.

Federalism

Federalism divides power between the states and the federal government. Federalism keeps or maintains balance of power with states and government. In article 1, section 1, clause 1 powers denied states, and states cannot print money at all. Next, in article 1, section 9, clause 5 it is stated that powers denied congress, and in addition the federal government cannot create state taxes.

Popular Sovereignty

Popular Sovereignty is when the people are the SOURCE of government POWER. This describes how the people are the source of power in the government. Citizens have a say in laws and what happens in government. Stated in the Preamble, "We the People" is quoted which shows how the people of the US have more freedom to do what they want, and power is mostly in the hands of them.

Limited Government

Limited government limits the power of the governments. First, in article 2, section 1, clause 2 it is stated that the government is limited with what they are allowed to be in charge of and how much power they have. Power that is given is from the constitution. People that serve are only allowed to for a limited time of 2 years. The constitution states these strict rules for government.

Separation of Powers

Separation of powers gives House of Representatives more power. First, in article 1, section 2, clause 5 it is stated that the House of Representatives has power of impeachment meaning they are allowed to kick out leaders, or change things when they want. Next, in article 1, section 3, clause 1 there are two senators from each state, and each of the senators only have one vote for a say in the laws, and House of Representatives. Nobody really gets a say, and the representatives have the final decision.

Checks and Balances

Checks and Balances can change things like the president, and things have to pass House of Representatives. First, in article 1, section 2, clause 5 states that House of Representatives can impeach the president meaning they can change the president whenever, and for any reason. In article 1, section 7, clause 1 it is stated that every bill has to pass through the representatives before being sent off to anyone or any place. They have to approve of the bill and once they do it will be sent to who ever it is supposed to go to.

Representative Government

Representative Government has voting every two years for a change in the representatives. It is stated in article 1, section 2, clause 1 that House of Representatives changes every two years. In article 1, section 2, clause 2 it is stated that no person should be a representative who isn't at least twenty- five years of age and is a 7 year citizen of the United States. Only citizens can vote, non citizens have no right being able too.

Quick Quiz

  1. Which amendment would you agree with, and why?

Credits:

Created with images by cgrape - "american flag american freedom" • free pictures of money - "Taxes" • Backbone Campaign - "We The People Light Brigade" • indi.ca - "Lanka Government Office Files" • DonnaW - "the white house landmark united states" • Hans - "coins cent specie" • hjl - "Vote!"

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