The Alberta Five can be called “The Famous Five” or “The Valiant Five”, they were five Alberta women who asked the Supreme Court of Canada to answer the question, "Does the word 'Persons' in Section 24 of the British North America Act, 1867. The five women were Emily Murphy, Irene Marryat Parlby, Nellie Mooney McClung, Louise Crummy McKinney and Henrietta Muir Edwards. They sought to have women legally considered persons so that women could be appointed to the Senate. The achievement of personhood for women had been a monumental change which gave more power to women. The five women were activists in a variety of areas and they sought better the conditions for women and children. The women were known as the Famous Five and were considered leaders in education for social reform and women's rights.The Five were commemorated in the 2001 Journey Series of Canada's fifty-dollar bill.
Emily Murphy ( March 14, 1868 – October 17, 1933) was a Canadian women's rights activist, jurist, and author. Murphy is known as one of the "The Famous Five"—a group of Canadian women's rights activists. In 1916, she became the first female judge in Canada, and in the British Empire.Murphy grew up under the influence of her grandfather, Ogle R. Gowan who was a politician that founded a local branch of the Orange Order in 1830 and two uncles who were a Supreme Court justice and a Senator, respectively. Emily Murphy dealt with single mothers and issues of child support, child welfare, and adoption by sell ideas for women's rights. In 1917, she headed the battle to have women declared as "persons" in Canada, and, therefore, qualified to serve in the Senate.They challenged the Convention and set a precedent in history. However, there has been some criticism of her later work, mainly for her role in the Sexual Sterilization Act of Alberta.