GEOGRAPHY - Natural Resources include iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, rare earth elements, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas and hydropower
Green Gables farm house, PEI
– 6.8% of the land is used for agriculture: 4.7% arable land, 0.5% permanent crops and 1.6% permanent pasture, 34.1% of land is forest, 59.1% is used for others
Continuous permafrost in the north is a serious obstacle to development and cyclonic storms from east of Rocky Mountains are a main cause of these hazards. Most volcanoes in Western Canada's Coast Mountains remain dormant.
Volcanoes in Western Canada Coast Mountains
Environmental Issues (current issues) -
Metal smelting, coal-burning utilities, and vehicle emissions impacting on agricultural and forest productivity cause environmental issues. Also, air pollution results in acid rain which damages forests and contaminates water.
PEOPLE AND SOCIETY
Population: 35,362,905: Dependency ratio – 47.3%: Youth Dependency ratio - 23.5%: Elderly Dependency ratio – 23.8%: Potential Dependency ratio – 4.2%
Age and sex structure of a Canada's population.
Population Growth Rate - 0.74%: Urban Population - 81.8% of total population: Rate of urbanization – 1.22% annual rate change
Life Expectancy - Total Population: 81.9 years: Male: 79.2 years, Female- 84.6 years: Total Fertility Rate - 1.6 children born female: Health Expenditures - 10.4% of GDP
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) -
Purchasing Power Parity: $1.674 trillion
Official Exchange Rate: $1.532 trillion
Real Growth Rate: 1.2%
Per Capita: $46,200
Gross National Saving: 19.4% of GDP
Composition by sector of origin -
Poverty Line - Population: 9.4% (3182662 persons)
Unemployment Rate - 7.1%
- motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, aircraft, telecommunications equipment; chemicals, plastics, fertilizers; wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity, aluminum
Partner: US 76.7%
Fixed Lines: 15.902 million
Mobile Cellular: 29039 million
General Assessment: excellent service provided by modern technology
How Canada is perceived around the world
Quick Summary of article:
Canadians are curious to know how the rest of the world perceives, with the help of the International Council for Canadian Studies, CBC got a hold of around 7000 academics who teach courses about Canada in a different country.
What is Canada’s biggest strength? What is its biggest weakness?
Americans can learn so much from Canada, especially in terms of public schools, health care, federalism, livable cities, relatively low violent crime, and other important areas. (Earl Fry, US)
Canada developed its own identity in the academic world, students began to study and research Canadian society, geography, law, literature and language. ( Danny Ben-Natan, Israel)
Canada is still viewed as "a better United States," as a country which enjoys a level of prosperity similar to its neighbor to the south, but doesn't interfere in matters that don't concern it. (Lucia Otrisalova, Slovakia)
What is Canada’s most pressing issue or concern?
The biggest issue facing Canada is our politicians. There are no true leaders in Parliament brave enough to do what is right, rather than what is relevant. Also, the failure of democracy and the destruction of the parliamentary processes that govern our way of living.
Compared to others, should Canadians be proud of their country?
Canada should be very proud of their country because all 15 of the Canadianists had good things to say about Canada:
Canada definitely conjures up a very positive image in our Chinese mind. (Wang Bing, China)
Canada's policies on climate change, renewable energy, water sanitation and consumption, are seen by the Mexican authorities and society as an example to follow. (Salvador Cervantes, Mexico)
Is Canada “better off” compared to other countries?
Canada is better off compared to other countries but there is one area in which Shilpa Bhat, an English teacher in India, hopes can improve. " It is hoped that the political relationship between the two will move to a higher level, with greater emphasis on economic development." (Shilpa Bhat). She hopes that the issues associated with the Indians in Canada will improve.