The Lost Generation
The Lost Generation is a term used to define a group of writers and artists. They helped define a larger, modernist movement after World War I. The "Lost Generation" was popularized by the American Author Ernest Hemingway.
Ernest Hemingway first introduced the term "Lost Generation" in his book The Sun Also Rises. Throughout this book it describes experiences and lifestyles of World War I's postwar generation. In his book he tells a story and there he credits the "Lost Generation" phrase to Gretude Stein who was Hemingway's mentor and patron.
This is what you are. That's what you all are...all of you young people who served in the war. You are a lost generation." - Gertude Stein
The Lost Generation was very much influenced by World War I. The war offered Americans physiological wounds and spiritual scars that offered writers something to write about.
The Jazz Age
The Jazz Age was an era in America which started at the end of World War I and ended with the Great Depression. The decade, which was 1920's was also known as the Roaring Twenties.
The period of the Jazz Age is associated with sophistication, modernism, exuberance, consumerism and decadence and the introduction of jazz music.
Jazz is an original style of music and included a blend of varieties of style such as gospel, brass, blues, and Spanish music. During this era, selling alcohol, was illegal and a lot of clubs were it featured Jazz music, dancing, and alcohol. The Jazz Age was when many Jazz musicians evolved and popularized during this time. Well musicians popularized such as Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington. Overtime Jazz influenced new genres of music such ragtime, blues and R & B.
The woman's movement began way before the Civil War. Equality for race and sex rarely existed. Many women pushed to have their voices heard to the nation. People who spoke out for their voices to be heard was Stanton and Susan B. Anthony. World War I slowed the sufferagist's campains but on August 26, 1920, the 19th Amendment to the constitution was finally ratified. From there, women practiced their right to vote.
Men, their rights, and nothing more; women, their rights, and nothing less. - Susan B Anthony
Prohibition and Organized Crime
During the 1920's there was a time of great criminal activity sue to the prohibition of laws and being in a state of economic depression. People then turned to participating in criminal activity and criminals such as Al Capone, Bonnie and Clyede and John Dillinger were headlines of the era.
During this time, alcohol legalized and popularized leading to more sickness and violence. Prohibition was a failure and the public grew more disrespectful of the law. After 13 years of seeing the failure, the government abolished the prohibition laws. Crime decreased and the criminal element was taken out of the industry, organized crime in the 1920's flourished in America because the prohibition.
How the Great Depression Happened
The Great Depression started with the crash of the stock market in October 1929. There were various causes of the Great Depression such as drought, overproduction of goods, bank failures, stock speculation and consumer debt.