The US Constitution 6 Guiding principals

The Constitution is a written document based on principles that the government has to obey. The Preamble is a paragraph that limits the government, by what the people let the government do. The government can only do what the people say, for each principle, since the people make the constitution. The Constitution was written in 1787, and was made to make a government that wasn't unfair like the English government, that they had to break free from.

The principle of Federalism is division of power between state and federal government. Federalism's important to the government because it helps maintain balance of power, so the government can't overpower the states. One example being article 1, section 10, clause 1 of the Constitution, is power denied by states, not all states are allowed to print their own money. Another example being article 1, section 9, clause 5, of the Constitution is power denied by congress, federal government can't make state laws.

Liberty Bell

Principles of Checks and Balances is about every branch having a weakness to another branch so it can use the weakness to stop one branch from controlling everything. Having checks and balances is important so the government isn't able to pass unfair laws. For example, in article 1, section 2, clause 5, of the Constitution, the House of Representatives may impeach the president. Also, in article 2, section 4, clause 1, the president can get impeached by Congress.

The principle of Representative Government is important to maintain balance of power, by making it so people are important to the government. Representative Government helps make the government more fair for the people because they're involved in what happens. For example, article 3, section 2, clause 1, of the Constitution, is judicial power helps laws be what the people want. Also, in article 1, section 2, clause 1, of the Constitution follows this, because the people vote for who is going to be in the House of Representatives.

The principle of Separation of Powers is important because it helps the government not get controlled by only one branch. Separation of Power allows the branches to have different powers. Which is needed to have a government where the power is equally balanced. For example, in article 1, section 8, all clauses, of the Constitution lists all of the powers congress has. While another example is article 2, section 2, clause 1, the president is the commander of the army and navy.

The principle of Limited Government is so the government can't do everything, due to the Constitution telling the government what it can or can't do. Limited Government is important because it helps the government from not controlling everything, and removing peoples power. In the bill of rights, first amendment it limits congress's ability to block people's natural rights. While another reason is article 2, section 1, clause 2, limits people so they can only be in one branch at a time.

The principle of Popular Sovereignty is the governments power comes from the people. Maintaining balance of power so the government isn't overpowered by the branches, controlling everything. One example lies in the Preamble of the Constitution, the "We the people" enforces the fact, that the government only has power that the people say so.

1) When was the Constitution written?

2) Explain why the principal of Checks and Balances is important?

3) Write in your own words what is the principal of Popular Sovereignty?

4) How is Limited Power similar to Checks and Balances?

5) Do you think Representative Government is a good thing or bad thing, explain?

6) Can you design a clause for limited government, which describes a particular power the government can or can't do?

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