Backround on Raphael
Raphael was an Italian architect and painter. A leading figure of Italian High Renaissance classicism, Raphael is best known for his "Madonnas," (paintings) including the Sistine Madonna, and for his large figure compositions in the Palace of the Vatican in Rome. Raphael was born on April 6, 1483, in Urbino, Italy. When Raphael moved to Florence, where he was heavily influenced by the works of the Italian painters Fra Bartolommeo, Leonardo da Vinci, and Michelangelo. On April 6, 1520, Raphael’s 37th birthday, he died suddenly and unexpectedly of mysterious causes in Rome, Italy.
Works of Art
During the period 1502–1503, he painted the ‘Mond Crucifixion’, originally an altarpiece in the church of San Domenico, Città di Castello. The painting shows Jesus on the cross, looking peaceful even though he is dying. One of his most famous paintings, ‘La donna velata’ or in other words “The woman with the veil”. This was completed in 1514–15. The painting portrays a young woman, traditionally identified as his Roman mistress, dressed in finery, depicting opulence.
This is a picture of the painting La donna velata
This is a picture of the painting Mond Crucifixion
Raphael has created numerous Madonna's. A Madonna is a representation of Mary, with or without her child Jesus. These images are central icons for both the Catholic and Orthodox churches. Madonna translated into Italian means “my lady”. One of his most famous Madonna's is the Sistine Madonna. It is also called the Madonna di San Sisto and is an oil painting. The altarpiece was commissioned in 1512 by Pope Julius II for the church of San Sisto, Piacenza. The canvas was one of the last Madonnas painted by the artist. Giorgio Vasari called it "a truly rare and extraordinary work".
This is the Sistine Madonna
His work demonstrate the principles of the Renaissance
Raphael's work demonstrated the principles of the Renaissance because he used common painting techniques such as making the subjects of his art realistic. He also expressed himself through his paintings which was a key principle emphasized in the Renaissance.