Designing With Materials MORGAN CLARK



ASSYMMETRY: A lack of equality or equivalence between parts or aspects of something.

BALANCE: The way in which the elements in visual arts are arranged to create a feeling of equilibrium in an artwork. The three types of balance are symmetry, asymmetry, and radial.

COLLAGE: An artistic composition made of various materials (e.g., paper, cloth, or wood) glued on a surface.

COMPOSTITION: The overall placement and organization of elements in a work of art, as well as the interrelationships between individual elements.

ELEMENTS OF DESIGN: Sensory components used to create and talk about works of art: Line, color, shape/form, texture, value, space.

GEOMETRIC SHAPE: Any shape or form having more mathematic than organic design. Geometric designs are typically made with straight lines or shapes from geometry.

LINE: An element of art that refers to the continuous marke made on a surface by a moving point. In visual art, a delineation or fracturing of space in color or black and white. Line qualities can vary in width, length, gesture, color, direction, etc.

NEGATIVE SPACE: Shapes or spaces that are or represent the area unoccupied by objects.

POSITIVE SHAPE: Shapes or spaces in an image that represent solid objects or forms.

PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN :A design concept describing the ways in which the elements of an image are arranged (ie. balance, contrast, dominance, emphasis, movement, repitition, rhythm, variatition, unity)

SHAPE: A two-dimensional area or plane that may be open or closed, free form or geometric. It can be found in nature or created by humans.

SPACE: The area between, around, above, below, or contained within objects. Spaces are areas defined by the shapes and forms around them and within them, just as shapes and forms are defined by the space around and within them

SYMMETRY: A balance of parts on opposite sides of a perceived midline, giving the appearance of equal visual weight.


Step One: Sketch out ideas for designs, then pick out the design you want to do
Step 2: Get one piece of white paper and one piece of black paper
Step 3: Very lightly, outline your desgin on the black paper to mark where you are going to put put the cut out pieces
Step 4: Cut out the shapes from the white paper that you are soon going to glue onto the black paper.
Step 5: Rubber Cement the white shapes onto the black piece of construction paper
Step 6: If there is excess rubber cement, use the eraser and scrap it off until it is not noticable
Step 7: Add a pop of color that is not in the center of paper, so your eye draws right to the focal point. And now you are done!


I created an overall balanced composition because I feel that I made the shapes fit well between eachother. The shapes that I created molded into eachother and fit together like a puzzle. I used all organic shapes and not geometric. For my pop of color, I made it into the shape of a raindrop, and all of my other shapes were inspired by vines and squiggley lines. Out of all of the principles of art, I tried to focus on balance and emphasis. I tried to create balance by placing the shapes in certain places to make the artwork feel like there is a sense of strength. I created emphasis by putting the green raindrop in the upper corner of the paper. I placed it there because it drwas the eye right to that place. I thought that my overall cratsmenship of the projects wasn't that great. I was disapointed in the cutting out of my shapes and the glueing, so my project did not turn out the way I wanted it to. The hardest part for me to do was cut out the objects. I picked this design because I wanted to challenge myself, but when it came to cutting out the objects, it did not turn out the way I wanted. I used the rule of thirds by placing my focal point where the "imaginary lines" would intersect. Putting an imaginary Tic-Tac-Toe board on the project helps you visulaize where to place the focal points. You place them where the lines would intersect. I chose the color green as my focal point. The color changes the overall compostition because at first it wsd sll black and white, but when I incorporated the green, it drew your eye right to it and made it the focal point.



DESCIPTION: Description is identifying the literal qualities or realistic presentation of subject matter, along with the elements of art found. It demands only the facts of what can be seen, often in one or more works of art; and partly two or more works can be described by comparing them to each other.

DESIGN: A plan, or to plan. The organization or composition of a work; the skilled arrangement of its parts. An effective design is one in which the elements of art and principles of design have been combined to achieve an overall sense of unity.

DOMINANCE: The part of a composition that is emphasized, has the greatest visual weight, the most important, powerful, or has the most influence. A certain color can be dominant, and so can an object,line, shape, or texture.

FORM: The element of art that refers to an object with three-dimensions (height, width, and depth) and encloses volume.

HUE: The colors name. Example: red

PROPORTION: The relation of one thing to another with respect to size and placement.

VARIETY: The combination of elements or art, such as line, shape, or color, in an artwork. Variety is a principle of design.


Step 1: Pick out the pieces of glass that you want then cut them into the shape you want with the glass cutter. Once you have it into the shape you want it, take the glass glue and glue it into place.
Step 2: Fuse the glass in the kiln and glue on the metal pieces so it is able to wear.


I decieded to use a mixture of blues for the colors of my glass pendant. I used a a light sky blue as the base, then a sea blue for the second layer, and then used a dark navy blue as the top layer. To pull it all together I put two white stringers on both sides of the the pendant. I decided to use geometric shapes. I started with a big rectangle then layered it with two smaller rectangles on top which created an ombré effect. Overall, I was really happy they way it turned out and I think that my mom will really enjoy it.



CONTOUR: The outline of a shape.

CROSS-HATCHING: A method of showing value by using parallel lines at different angles that get darker as they are drawn closer together.

FOCAL POINT: The area in a work of art that an artist emphasizes.

HORIZON LINE: In an artwork, the line where the ground and sky appear to meet.

MONOCHROMATIC: A color scheme using only tints and shades of a single color.

MONOPRINT: A print made from a plate that can be used only once.

NEUTRALS: A word used for black, white, and tints and shades of gray. (Some artists use tints and shades of brown as neutrals.)

PLATE: In printmaking, a piece of flat material, such as wood or metal, with a design on the surface. The plate is used to print the design.

PRINT: An artwork created by making an impression of a design.

PRINT MAKING: The transference of an image from one surface (plate or block) to another (usually paper) with ink. The process of making one or more prints.

RELIEF PRINITNG: A print made by covering a printing block with ink or paint and pressing paper onto the block. The areas or lines gouged out do not print. (Examples: woodcut, block print, linocut, styrofoam plate, etc.


STEP ONE: Draw 4 possible designs on a computer pices of paper that can be used for the final copies. Next, select one of the designs that you want to do. Then re-draw that design on a 6" by 6" piece of paper.
STEP TWO: Transfer your design onto a piece of linoleum by tracing over the design with graphite paper. Once it is traced, cut out the part of the design that you do not want to be popping up. Then, once you are done craving you are ready to print the paint on by using a brayer. Once you have all the paint on, your flip over the piece of linoleum and press it against the paper.
STEP THREE: Once you have smoothed it out, slowly lift up the paper and the design will now be printed on the piece of paper.
STEP FOUR: Once you have done 4 prints, you go back and carve out more of the design. You carve out what you don't want to show up. Next, you go back and repeat Step 3.
Final Step: Print the second layer back onto your original print for your final product.


This whole project was a learning experience. I learned that in order to have a good outcome, you first need to have a good design. For example, you need to have a plan before you start. I made a design that I thought would work really well. But, when I started carving for the second time, I realizied that I did not plan out what I was going to cut next. I ended with nothing else to cut so I had to cut out some of the original part, so in the end the design just overlaps and didn't turn out the way I wanted. If I ever do this project again, I would plan out what I was doing for a longer amount of time so that I can get it to turn out the way I want it to.



ABSTRACT: A style of art that is not realistic. Unusual lines, colors, and shapes make the subject look unrealistic. It is often characterized by the use of geometric lines and shapes and bold, bright colors.

ACRYLICS: Quick drying, plastic polymer pigment used with water.

ADDITIVES: The process of adding or joining parts and/or visual elements together to create a painting, collage or sculpture (as opposed to subtractive).

BACKGROUND: The part of the picture plane that seems to be farthest from the viewer.

FOREGROUND: Part of a two-dimensional artwork that appears to be nearer the viewer or in the “front” of the image. Middle ground and background are the parts of the picture that appear to be farther and farthest away.

INTENSITY: Also called chroma or saturation; refers to the brightness of a color (a color is full in intensity only when in its pure form and unmixed). Color intensity can be changed by adding black, white, gray or an opposite color on the color wheel.

MIDDLE GROUND: Area of a two-dimensional work of art between the foreground (closest to the front) and background (furthest receded).

MIXED MEDIA: An artwork in which more than one type of art material is used.

NONOBJECTIVE: Having no recognizable object or subject; also, nonrepresentational.

WATERCOLOR: A transparent pigment used with water. Paintings done with this medium are known as watercolors.


STEP ONE: Layout a design with tape on a plain sheet of white paper
STEP TWO: Use water color to paint over your design to add color. Add salt or seran wrap to create different textures. Next, you are going to retape around the places on the piece that you do not want to cover up.
STEP THREE: Print on a design on the piece using a screen
STEP FOUR: Do a second print of the same or different texture onto your project in a different color. Next, use string gel to add another layer to the piece. After the string gel drys, zentangle around the entire artwork to add more designs.
STEP FIVE: After you paint your box, glue the artwork onto it. Next, use an exacto knife to to cut off the excess paper. Finally, use apoxi ressin to create a smooth finish.


Overall I thought my project turned out okay. I think that I did well on the screen printing part. But I could have done better on the comb painting part where you make special designs. Another part that I thought I could've done better on was the whole design in general. I did not create a distinct focal point when I was designing it. So I had to make do with what I had. But overall, I rally liked this project. I thought it was really fun, but if I were do it again I would do some things differntly.



ANALOGOUS COLOR: Colors that appear next to each other on the color wheel. Analagous colors have one hue in common. For example, blue, blue-green, and blue-violet all contain blue. Also called related colors.

COLOR: The visual sensation dependent on the reflection or absorption of light from a given surface. An element of art made up of three distinct qualities: hue, intensity, and value.

COMPLEMENTARY COLORS: Colors that contrast with one another. Complementary colors are opposite one another on the color wheel.

COOL COLORS: The family of colors that includes greens, blues, and violets. Cool colors bring to mind cool things, places, and feelings.

GUTTA RESIST: Prevents dye from reaching the fabric; it resists the dye.

INTERMEDIATE COLORS: Colors that are a mixture of a primary and a secondary color. Blue-green, red-orange, and red-violet are examples of intermediate colors.

PRIMARY COLORS: Colors that are mixed to make all other colors. The primary colors are red, yellow, and blue.

SECONDARY COLOR: A color made by mixing two primary colors. An equal mixture of primary colors. The secondary colors are green, violet, and orange.

WARM COLORS: The family of colors that includes reds, yellows, and oranges. Warm colors bring to mind warm things, places, and feelings.


STEP ONE: First, sketch out two possiblities for the silk painting. Next, pick one of them out and trace it onto a bigger sheet of paper. Then, trace over the pencil with black sharpie marker.
STEP TWO: Once you have traced over the drawing with sharpie, get a silk and begin tracing lightly with a pencil. After everything is traced onto the silk, use gutta to trace over the lines once again. The gutta is used so that the paint doesn't bleed over into another section of your artwork. Finally, you will paint. You can use different techniques that add to the piece.


Overall, I thought that my project went fairly well. I believe that I did a good job on staying inside the gutta and not bleeding the colors through. I also thought I did well on changing the color to create a value change. But however, I thought I could've done a better job on the background of the silk. I felt as though it looked sloppy and I didn't use any of the techniques so it didn't end up the way I wanted.



CHROMA: The purity of a color or its freedom from white or gray.

COLOR RELATIONSHIPS: Also called color schemes or harmonies. The relationships of colors on the color wheel. Basic color schemes include monochromatic, analogous, and complementary

COLOR WHEEL: A circular diagram of the spectrum used to show the relationships between the colors

CONTRAST: The differences in elements, opposites.

EMPHASIS: The significance or importance given to an element of design.

MOVEMENT: Visual flow through the composition.

PATTERN: Repeated colors, lines, shapes, or textures in an artwork. Pattern is a principal of design. Also, a plan or model to be followed when making something.

REPETITION: Repetition refers to one object or shape repeated.

RHYTHM: The repeating of one or several elements to create movement.

TINT: A color such as pink that is created by mixing a hue with white. Also, a light value of a color

TJANTING: A tool used in creating batik patterns. (Batik is a wax resist decorative technique used on fabric.) They hold and dispense hot wax in such a way that the artist can control the pattern laid down by the wax with a great deal of precision.

TRAID: The three color scheme on the color wheel based on a logical relationship.

VALUE: The element of art that describes the lightness or darkness of a hue.


STEP ONE: After drawing different designs, pick one of them and trace it onto a bigger sheet of paper. Next, go over it in sharpie
STEP TWO: Transfer the design onto a piece of cloth with a pencil, and then wax over some of the design that you want to stay white
STEP THREE: First I dunked my cloth in yellow dye, then I dunked it in blue to get a greenish color. Along the way, I am also making sure that I am putting registration marks.
STEP TWO: After dunking my cloth into two layers of yellow, I began dunking it in different shades of green.
STEP THREE: After dunking my cloth into the greens, I began dunking it into the blues to start transitioning into the cool colors.
STEP FOUR: After I dunked it in blues, I began dunking it in purple to continue the trend of cool colors.
STEP FIVE: After doing the final shade of purple, I crumpled my cloth up and dunked it in black to create a black crack effect. After that dries, I picked as much of the wax off that I could and then I ironed the cloth using lots of newspaper to get all of the wax off.


Overall, I was happy with my batik. If I had to change anything I would've had more empty space because everything seemed so crammed together.

Created By
Morgan Clark

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