Jim Crow Project by Brian Miller

Above is an image showing a voting card. This card shows the Grandfather Clause and how it works. The Grandfather Clause kept black people from voting because it stated that if your grandfather couldn't vote before 1867, you couldn't vote. Because practically no blacks could vote before 1867, the Grandfather Clause prevented future blacks from voting.

The Grandfather Clause was put into place after realizing that the previously used literacy tests could affect illiterate and less privileged whites.

Louisiana created the Grandfather Clause in 1898, which allowed those to vote who were able to vote before 1867, and those whose father or grandfather could vote before 1867.

The economy for blacks during Jim Crow was unfair. They had fewer opportunities for jobs, and the only jobs they could get were not good, and employers usually treated them poorly. In this image, it shows a group of black people working on a farm as tenant farmers or sharecroppers.

Most black people during Jim Crow were unable to find living-wage jobs due to racism and segregation.

The image above shows black women promoting black rights and equality.

Social and cultural segregation during Jim Crow consisted of white people showing superiority to black people. An example of this is Jim Crow etiquette.

Societal and cultural racial segregation was a norm during Jim Crow. Whites would show superiority to blacks by not using proper titles when talking to them (i.e. Mister, Mr., Mrs., Ms.) and would instead call them by their first name or just, "Boy."

Black men could never offer a hand to shake with a white man, and if he offered any part of his body to a white woman, he risked being accused of rape. Blacks had to remember specific rules when conversing with whites, including that they never suggest that the white person was from a lower class, or demonstrate any superior knowledge of themselves.

Separate but Equal

Almost everything was segregated for blacks and whites during Jim Crow, including water fountains, restrooms, waiting rooms, etc. The people claimed that these segregations were, "Separate but Equal."

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