Poverty in Modern Day India Annie Wallach - Grade8 - Abbamonte C Period

Cover Photo Link: http://www.indiaspend.com/cover-story/indias-poverty-rate-falls-to-12-4-electricity-plays-big-role-20364


In modern day India, 1 in 5 Indians is poor. The number of poor in the 7 low income states in India are Uttar Pradesh with 60 million, Bihar with 36 million, Madhya Pradesh with 24 million, Odisha with 14 million, Jharkhand with 13 million, Rajasthan with 10 million, and Chattisgarh with 10 million. These low income states are home to 62% of Indias poor, and these states are house 45% of India's population.


80% of Indias poor live in rural areas and those rural areas have a poverty rate of 25%. In urban areas, there is a 14% poverty rate. 27% of India's poor live in small villages that usually have a population of 4999 and less, 19% live in big villages with a population of 5000 and above, 17% live in small towns that have a population of 1 million or less, and 6% live in big cities with a population of around 1 million.


The poor in India spend 6% of their money on education and health, 13% on fuel and light, 56% on food, and 25% on other things. Meanwhile, the non-poor spend 11% of their money on education and health, 9% of their money on fuel and light, 47% on food, and 33% on other things. These other things include mobile phones which 61% of the poor have and 86% of the non-poor have, TV's which 29% of the poor have and 65% of the non-poor have, Stoves which 27% of the poor have and 61% of the non-poor have, A two wheeler which 5% of the poor have and 29% of the non-poor have, a refridgerator which 2% of the poor have and 24% of the non-poor have, a washing machine which 0% of the poor have and 11% of the non-poor have, a pc/laptop which 0% of the poor have and 7% of the non-poor have, and a motor car/jeep which 0% of the poor have and 5% of the non-poor have.


The poor have less access to certain necessities than the non-poor. 21% of the poor and 62% of the non-poor have access to latrines, 61% of the poor and 85% of the non-poor have access to electricity, and 6% of the poor and 33% of the non-poor have access to tap water. It is clear that the non-poor have way more access to daily and basic neccesities.


The poor have less access to education. 15% of the poor and 37% non-poor have access to secondary education and above and 15% of the poor and 17% of the non-poor have access to regular middle education. 25% of the poor and 20% of the non-poor are just literate or primary and 45% of the poor and 26% of the non-poor are totally illiterate. The states in which young people live in are failing to provide them with schools, universities or jobs to help them prosper. In the future, depending on whether or not thing s change, they young can succeed or impoverish. Many people believe they stand where they do so low economically and socially because of their states, who they believe are failing its youth.


The poverty in India has reduced, however the economic inequality has increased. Even though the lives of the poor and lower class has gotten better in multiple ways, there is still a great amount of inequality. There is still a large division between the poor and the rich and it has gotten large in the past 35 years. Tripura and Sikkim had the most improving in poverty level. 57 other regions have increased their rich-poor ratios. In less developed regions the rich-poor ratio is lower, and in more developed regions, the ratio is higher.


The answer to my complex question of How does the amount and lives of people living in poverty compare to the amount and lives of people living in wealth or with stability? is: 1 in 5 people are poor in India. Even though there are more non-poor people living in India it doesn't mean there isn't a ginormous amount of impoverished people living there as well. The poor live with a lack of access to education which the majority of the non-poor people are able to have, and have less access to daily necessities than the non-poor. More of the non-poor have possessions and luxuries such like electronics, vehicles, refrigerators, washing machines, and more. This does not mean the poor don't have these things, but a only small percentages of them do. The non-poor live with access to much more while the impoverished are restricted to only what they can barely afford.

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