Imperialism: a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. (i.e a strong country taking over a weaker country) When imperialism occurs it can dominate its economic, political, and cultural life. Imperialism was practiced by Europe and Japan from the 1800s to the early 1900s. In most cases, countries would experience industrialization before they would practice imperialism because of the need for cheap raw materials and markets. Nationalism is also a factor; people would think that their country is better than others and discriminate against them. For example, the colonists thought that the people in other countries were savages and they needed western influence.
The Annexation of Hawaii in 1898
- The United States was looking for countries to conquer however, there were few countries that hadn't already been conquered Hawaii was one of the few places that hadn't been conquered so the US decided to try to overthrow the queen and take control. The queen of the Hawaiian Islands ended up stepping down from her throne and Hawaii was conquered.
England Took Over India
- England took control over India's resources and economy. India would send raw materials to England (iron, cotton, etc.) They would make the raw materials into finished goods they could sell (textiles, steel, etc.) England benefited from this because they would get money from it. India however, was at a disadvantage because they had to send the money they earned to England.
America Conquered the Philippines
- The Philippine-American War lasted three years and resulted in the death of over 4,200 American and over 20,000 Filipino soldiers. The war was caused by America wanting to conquer the Philippines and the Philippines fighting back because they wanted independence. The United States ended up winning the war and conquering the Philippines along with many other countries such as Guam and Puerto Rico.
Caribbean Islands Conquered
- The Caribbean Islands have been conquered many times. Some of the countries that conquered The Caribbean Islands are, Cuba, Haiti, the U.S, The Dominican Republic, etc. The reason for this is that the Islands are very popular and they attract a lot of tourism. The countries saw this and decided to buy their own islands. The Islands were then divided and belong to each country.