Brexit: A term for the potential or hypothetical departure of the United Kingdom from the European Union.
NATO: NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, is a military alliance of European and North American democracies founded after World War II to strengthen international ties between member states—especially the United States and Europe—and to serve as a counter-balance to the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact.
Union: A political unit consisting of a number of states or provinces with the same central government, in particular. The action or fact of joining or being joined, especially in a political context.
Sovereign: Sovereignty is the power of a state to do everything necessary to govern itself, such as making, executing, and applying laws; imposing and collecting taxes.
Outsourcing: Obtain (goods or a service) from an outside or foreign supplier, especially in place of an internal source.
Single Market: An association of countries trading with each other without restrictions or tariffs. The European single market came into effect on January 1, 1993.
Question: What could the effects of a country leaving a union be?
Britain’s economy has had negative effects like inflation and stands to the loss of the single market because of leaving the EU. In fact, inflation rates had risen to its highest after the Brexit vote, “The latest UK inflation figures, for December, showed the CPI (consumer price index) inflation rate jumping to 1.6%, its highest level for two years with signs of more cost pressures set to feed through in the months to come” (Wheeler). Inflation in the UK has made government borrowing the highest it’s been in a couple of years after the vote to leave the EU. With the talk of President Trump wanting to leave NATO, would that have a similar effect to the United States’ inflation rates rising as well? With countries wanting to leave their union and single markets, many jobs could be pulled from individuals. “The Darlington MP is one of two dozen Labour politicians, representing north-east constituencies, who have written to Theresa May to warn that her decision to pull Britain out of the European single market and customs union has “cast doubt over thousands of jobs” in their region” (Ashthana). The UK Prime Minister Theresa May has doubts from her political peers that her decision to let go of their partners in the European single market could ultimately ruin jobs for thousands.
Question: What are the positives of leaving a union?
Many in favor of leaving unions will say that they will be able to take their country back by becoming sovereign and will be able to secure their borders. By being in the EU, Britain wasn’t able to completely decide the laws of their own land. According to The Telegraph, “Too many of Britain’s laws are made overseas by dictates passed down from Brussels and rulings upheld by the European Court of Justice. UK courts must become sovereign again” (Riley-Smith). Many of Britain’s laws’ were being made overseas in the European Court of Justice out in Brussels, Belgium. This created problems for the citizens of the UK because they didn’t believe they were living in a sovereign state. Other countries could notice this type of control over them as well and decide to rebel against their own unions. As well as becoming sovereign, countries leaving unions would want to see secure borders. According to an article called EU referendum: What are the pros and cons of Brexit?, “Former work and pensions secretary Iain Duncan Smith, who was in favour of Brexit, said we were leaving the "door open" to terrorist attacks by remaining in the EU. ‘This open border does not allow us to check and control people,’ he said” ("EU referendum"). By staying in the union, migrants can move freely throughout any country apart of the union for numerous reasons such as work, education, etc. This causes controversy because many people are worried that terrorists have an easy access into their country. Countries deciding to leave unions could create a domino effect on other nations.