Countries Leaving Unions the spark of countries wanting to become independent

Glossary

Brexit: A term for the potential or hypothetical departure of the United Kingdom from the European Union.

NATO: NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, is a military alliance of European and North American democracies founded after World War II to strengthen international ties between member states—especially the United States and Europe—and to serve as a counter-balance to the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact.

Union: A political unit consisting of a number of states or provinces with the same central government, in particular. The action or fact of joining or being joined, especially in a political context.

Sovereign: Sovereignty is the power of a state to do everything necessary to govern itself, such as making, executing, and applying laws; imposing and collecting taxes.

Outsourcing: Obtain (goods or a service) from an outside or foreign supplier, especially in place of an internal source.

Single Market: An association of countries trading with each other without restrictions or tariffs. The European single market came into effect on January 1, 1993.

Question: What would cause a country to want to leave a union?

Countries wanting to leave unions usually seek to leave because of immigration and overseas outsourcing. There’s a connection that the Brexit vote signified to people of a country with less immigrants. According to the article, “Comparisons between Brexit and rise of Donald Trump fall apart,” “After the British referendum, it's increasingly clear that Brexit meant vastly different things to different people: to some, an inward turn and much less immigration” (Young). Many voted for Britain to exit the Union because they wanted to curb immigration flow into their country. This compares to the notion of President Trump’s proposal on his immigration ban, seeking to stop radical Islamic terrorism. Besides the curb on immigration, overseas job outsourcing is a problem for many individuals. As stated in “5 Facts About Overseas Outsourcing” published by the Center for American Progress, “Indeed, a large percentage of Americans are concerned about jobs shifting from the United States to other countries” (Lach). More British citizens voted for Brexit wanting jobs back in their country. Citizens of the United States are worried about jobs being shipped over to other countries, therefore, have a stronger desire to want to leave unions or alliances of sorts. If these countries want to leave unions, there could be negative consequences.

Question: What could the effects of a country leaving a union be?

Britain’s economy has had negative effects like inflation and stands to the loss of the single market because of leaving the EU. In fact, inflation rates had risen to its highest after the Brexit vote, “The latest UK inflation figures, for December, showed the CPI (consumer price index) inflation rate jumping to 1.6%, its highest level for two years with signs of more cost pressures set to feed through in the months to come” (Wheeler). Inflation in the UK has made government borrowing the highest it’s been in a couple of years after the vote to leave the EU. With the talk of President Trump wanting to leave NATO, would that have a similar effect to the United States’ inflation rates rising as well? With countries wanting to leave their union and single markets, many jobs could be pulled from individuals. “The Darlington MP is one of two dozen Labour politicians, representing north-east constituencies, who have written to Theresa May to warn that her decision to pull Britain out of the European single market and customs union has “cast doubt over thousands of jobs” in their region” (Ashthana). The UK Prime Minister Theresa May has doubts from her political peers that her decision to let go of their partners in the European single market could ultimately ruin jobs for thousands.

Question: What are the downsides of leaving a union?

Countries that desire to leave a union can expect to see some hostility between nations, and countries leaving a union will not retain full access to the single market, causing loss of jobs.

European Union council member states that countries wanting to leave the union will not be treated the same way as before. According to the article “E.U. Countries Warn Britain on ‘Brexit’: You’ll Pay if You Leave Us”, the president of the European Council, Donald Tusk, explains that being a part of the EU will reduce conflict (Erlanger). As Britain votes to leave the Union, this will hinder Britain’s relationship with the Union. If the European Union says that they will not welcome Britain the same way with open arms, imagine countries apart of NATO being hostile towards the United States. Another downside of leaving a union would be not having full access to the same single market, meaning there could job loss for the country leaving. Stating in The Guardian, “The Darlington MP is one of two dozen Labour politicians, representing north-east constituencies, who have written to Theresa May to warn that her decision to pull Britain out of the European single market and customs union has “cast doubt over thousands of jobs” in their region” (Asthana). Pulling out of a union would block off easy trade with different nations as well as getting in the way of producing jobs for the country. Even though there are down sides to leaving unions, there are also some undeniable positives.

Question: What are the positives of leaving a union?

Many in favor of leaving unions will say that they will be able to take their country back by becoming sovereign and will be able to secure their borders. By being in the EU, Britain wasn’t able to completely decide the laws of their own land. According to The Telegraph, “Too many of Britain’s laws are made overseas by dictates passed down from Brussels and rulings upheld by the European Court of Justice. UK courts must become sovereign again” (Riley-Smith). Many of Britain’s laws’ were being made overseas in the European Court of Justice out in Brussels, Belgium. This created problems for the citizens of the UK because they didn’t believe they were living in a sovereign state. Other countries could notice this type of control over them as well and decide to rebel against their own unions. As well as becoming sovereign, countries leaving unions would want to see secure borders. According to an article called EU referendum: What are the pros and cons of Brexit?, “Former work and pensions secretary Iain Duncan Smith, who was in favour of Brexit, said we were leaving the "door open" to terrorist attacks by remaining in the EU. ‘This open border does not allow us to check and control people,’ he said” ("EU referendum"). By staying in the union, migrants can move freely throughout any country apart of the union for numerous reasons such as work, education, etc. This causes controversy because many people are worried that terrorists have an easy access into their country. Countries deciding to leave unions could create a domino effect on other nations.

Question: Will countries leaving unions influence other countries to also leave any type of union they are apart of?

Countries leaving unions will certainly give other countries the idea of resisting against unions because of the spread of ideas or agreements and each country losing faith in a good relationship with these unions. The spread of ideas within the EU could influence other nations to rethink EU politics. According to an article from The Washington Post, “Predictions that the E.U. could break apart might be a bit far-fetched, but there certainly are other countries where demands for similar referendums could gain momentum… And in terms of E.U. politics, Britain and Sweden agree on 90 percent of all issues” (Noack). Many of these countries apart of the EU agree on the same political issues going on within the union and with Britain voting to leave the union it could create a domino effect on the other countries that don’t feel like they need to be apart of an alliance. Each country has a different relationship with their union; however, with one country losing faith in the union, others could follow in their footstep. A statement in The Telegraph says, "’For Europeans, this possibly flows from their feelings about their own country’s relationship with the EU – they tend to feel there is likely to be a ripple effect following the UK vote’" (Akkoc). A big nation such as the UK could have influenced many other nations that doubt the current affairs within the government they share. There will be a ripple effect when one of the major world leaders decides to break away from a long time union.

Created By
Vanida Kouanchao
Appreciate

Credits:

Created with images by maxlkt - "hand united hands united"

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.