Voice,tense, and mood study guide

Active voice does the action rather then receiving the action. Examples- Santa delivered the presents. Elves created the toys.

Passive voice receives the action and doesn't do it. Examples- The presents were being made by the elves. Santa was delivering the presents.

Progressive tense- Be + Present Participle (Am, Is, Are, Was, Were, Will be) Present- Am, Is Past- Was, Were Future- Will be. Examples- She is running a marathon. He was at the resturant. I will be playing basketball later.

Perfect tense- Have + Past Participle (Have, Had, Has, Will have) Present- Have Past- Had, Has Future- will have. Examples- I have ran a marathon. She hasn't done this before. I will have run the race when you get here.

4 moods Indicative, Imperative, emphatic, subjunctive

Indicative is used to state a fact or ask a question. Examples- Gas pipes are checked yearly. Gas pipes have been known to be a hazard if not checked yearly.

The imperative mood is used to give a command. Examples- Go clean the dishes! Take the dog on a walk right now!

Emphatic mood- is the form of a verb that gives special force to a simple present or past tense verb. Do + a verb Examples- I do like the spurs. I did like the game last night.

Subjunctive mood- can express a wish or a condition that is contrary to to fact. wish/desire

1. Demand after that 2. wish/desire 3. uncertainty (if) 4. Contrary to fact 5. recommendation

Examples- I wish I had a taco right now. If I didn't play basketball, I wouldn't be athletic.


Created with images by LoboStudioHamburg - "christmas atmosphere santa claus" • BruceEmmerling - "santa costume elf" • srqpix - "Santa"

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