What is it?
What is it?
HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection. It is a group of more than 150 related viruses. Each HPV in this large group is given a number called its HPV type. At least half of people who are sexually active will contract the HPV virus at some point in their lives. They can cause cancer.
Symptoms can depend on the type of HPV virus involved in the infection. If genital warts show up, it's an indication of HPV infection.
It can cause warts, such as genital warts, or certain cancers. When genital warts become present, they may appear as a small bump, cluster of bumps or stem-like protrusions. They can range in size and appearance and be large, small, flat or cauliflower shaped and may be white or flesh tone.
Some types of genital HPV infection are associated with cancer, including cervical cancer and cancer of the vulva, anus, oropharynx (the middle part of the throat, behind the mouth), or penis. If infection occurs with one of these virus types, precancerous changes can occur in cells in the tissue without causing any symptoms.
Sometimes warts can cure without treatment. Some vaccines to cure this can be:
- Trichloroacetic acid
It is important to speak with your health care provider about which treatment is best for you depending on the type and location of the wart being treated.
In other cases, surgery may be needed and these are the procedures that they do on the patients:
- Cryotherapy: a method that uses liquid nitrogen to freeze the abnormal areas
- Electrocautery: a method that uses an electrical current to burn the abnormal areas
- Laser therapy: method using a light beam to remove abnormal areas
- Interferon injection: rarely used due to a high side effect profile and cost
- Surgical removal.