The Debris Disposer ® BY: Meg Houseworth and Janie Vasilias

Question:

Can we create a device that will reduce the amount of littered trash found outside on the ground?

Hypothesis:

If we create a device that enables people to pick up trash quickly and efficiently, then it will reduce the amount of littered trash found outside on the ground.

Materials:

  • 8 popsicle sticks
  • Hot glue gun
  • 2 hot glue sticks
  • Small biodegradable grocery bag
  • Old bag/purse
  • Lid of baby wipe container
  • Exacto knife
  • Sharpie
  • String
  • Duct tape
  • 4 small binder clips

Procedure:

1. Grab materials; 8 popsicle sticks, hot glue gun, 2 sticks of hot glue, small biodegradable grocery bag, old bag/purse, lid of baby wipe, exacto knife, sharpie, string, duct tape, 4 small binder clips.

2. In this step, trace the lid of your baby wipe container using a Sharpie on the bottom of your old bag/purse. Trace only the inside of the lid.

3. Turn your old bag/purse inside out, this will make it easier to cut. Place your bag atop a stabilizer (we used boxes of tissues) and cut out the trace of the lid.

4. Using a hot glue gun, glue the bottom of the baby wipes lid onto your old bag/purse. Make sure to have the lid opened. Do not put glue onto your stabilizer or else the lid and bag will be stuck to the stabilizer.

5. First, group your popsicle sticks into four groups of two and secure them with duct tape. Then, cut a centimeter off. Second, after trimming the popsicle sticks, take the tape off from the groups of sticks. After this lay the sticks horizontally and glue the groups of two together.

6. Tape some string about 7 inches above one corner. Then tie the end of the string to a group of popsicle sticks. Glue the end of the popsicle stick group below your string on the ground. Your popsicle stick should be hanging on an angle. Do this to all four corners.

7. Push the bag inside the lid and hook the handles over the popsicle sticks. Secure the handles on the popsicle sticks with small binder clips. After this, throw trash through the hole into the degradable bag. Dispose of the degradable after it is filled with trash.

Data:

Research:

Littering has been a global crisis for many years. Threatening the life of animals, polluting our streets and beaches, and contaminating our water sources. Trash has left a negative scar on our society. By inventing a device that's purpose is to reduce the amount of trash left carelessly on the ground quickly and efficiently will be the most effective solution to this problem. Admittedly, The Debris Disposer is a trash bag. However, a normal trash bag is a pain to lug around. Laziness is a big reason why people litter, as they resent searching for a place to dispose of their trash. With our invention, a lightweight, easy access trash bag is right by your side making it easy to carry around. Because it is made with two trash bag compartments, it has the capacity to hold twice as much as a standard small bag. Since people generally do not have a trash bag with them, our invention will encourage others to use this device and clean our environment.

Who invented the first plastic bag? In 1965, Swedish inventor, Sten Gustaf Thulin invented a bag in which was used in retail stores until August of 2014. It was said to pollute the environment, as it was not biodegradable, because of this many states do not use these bags anymore. “In August 2014, California became the first state to enact legislation imposing a statewide ban on single-use plastic bags at large retail stores.”

How does trash affect our Earth? 30% of waste in the world is found in America. Alarmingly, the average American throws away close to 7 pounds of trash a day. However, not all of this trash ends up in a trash bin like it should. Approximately 5.25 trillion pieces of trash can be found scattered on land or in Earth's watersheds. Water containing hundreds of microscopic fibers and waste material are consumed by humans and animals. All living organisms are negatively affected by trash, whether their habitat is ruined, food poisoned, or threatened with death.

Observations:

When cutting our old bag/purse it was difficult, even when we traced the lid beforehand.

When attaching the string to the popsicle sticks the string would slide until it was secured with tape.

When you place trash inside the plastic bag, the bag does not break.

Larger pieces of trash were harder to get inside the lid of the baby wipes container.

As we were testing our data, the people who didn't use The Debris Disposer had trouble carrying the trash, for they did not have our invention to put the trash into.

Conclusion:

Our invention, The Debris Disposer, allows you to dispose trash into a bag, have it fall into a trash bag, and throw away the trash bag at the end of the day. We proved our hypothesis correct, as we were able to create a portable trash bin that allows you to pick up trash quickly and efficiently. We really enjoy that it will help many people abstain from littering. One issue we struggled with while in production was how to hang the popsicle sticks. To fix this problem we thought to tie string onto the popsicle sticks, then secure the string with tape. Our data showed that everyone who used The Debris Disposer was able to pick up 35 pieces of trash in 2 minutes, compared to a person only using their hands. If we were to do this again, we would be more careful when tracing the lid of the container, instead of tracing the outside we would trace the inside, as our hole was larger than the container. In the future, The Debris Disposer could even be used to compress plastic material so that the items can be recycled!

Pictures:

Thanks for viewing!

Credits:

Created with images by 9355 - "aster tongolensis michelmas daisy mauve" • Alexas_Fotos - "garbage can garbage bucket" • PublicDomainPictures - "background detail flora" • raspberry dolly - "Litter on Singapore's ECP" • Ingrid Taylar - "An SOS to the World" • ianmunroe - "Kung Fu Panda." • Brian Smithson (Old Geordie) - "Water"

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