Landscape are the features of the land. Canada has many lakes, rivers, and sources for fresh water. Canada contains many forests as well. These two features contribute to the natural landscape and are important for Canadians.
Canada is the second largest country on the planet and has a mass of 9,970,610 square kilometres ("Canada - A Country Overview"). Canada has many different forms of landscape due to the large size of the country, such as there are areas with mountains, forests, prairie grassland, arctic tundra and etc. There are lakes and rivers in almost every part of the country (“Canada: A brief overview"). There is a total of 2 million lakes in Canada (Boyce). The Mackenzie River is the largest river in Canada, it is 4, 241 kilometres long and Canada has 563 lakes which have an area larger than 100 square kilometres (“Canadian Water Facts"). Canada has one-fifth of the world’s freshwater (“Freshwater | WFF - Canada"). Therefore, Canada could be a considered a freshwater-rich country because the average discharge from Canadian rivers to the world’s renewable water source is only around 9% but Canada’s population is less than 1% of the world’s. Water can be seen in almost every part of Canada, no countries in the world have this much surface area covered by freshwater. The Great Lakes, that are shared with the U.S., make up the largest surface area of water that is fresh to be found in one place compared to the rest of the world (“Water | Natural Resources Canada"). Water is essential for all organisms and it is used in many activities by humans. Water sustains wildlife in the Canadian ecosystem; in the streams, forest land and the wetlands. Canada uses the aquatic natural resources every day. It is needed for; transportation, resources, employment, growing food, drinking, hydroelectric dams (for energy), recreational purposes and to admire the scenery. Recreation activities includes swimming, boating, or fishing. Also, the country has 243,000 km of beach or coastline and this is the are longest in the world making the water a tourist attraction (Kylie). Water is used in services and business such as hospitals, schools, office buildings, water is essential to humans as well (“Water Use”).
A forest region is a geographic belt or zone in which there is a broad composition of dominant tree species and physiography, making a broad uniformity. Canada has eight forest regions; boreal forest region, great lakes - st. lawrence forest region, acadian forest region, deciduous forest region, coast forest region, subalpine forest region, montane forest region and columbia forest region (Bourchier and Stanton). Forests cover 40% of Canada’s land and overall, Canada’s forest represent 30% of the world’s 30% boreal forests and 10% of the world’s overall forest cover ("Overview - Canada’s Forests"). Additionally, the boreal forest makes around 80% of Canada’s forested land, it goes northeast British Columbia, south of the Mackenzie River Delta and the Alaskan border to northern Alberta and Saskatchewan. It passes through Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec to the Labrador Sea (Bourchier and Stanton). Canada’s boreal forest and the other forest are very important to the country’s national environment, history, culture, and economy. Canada respects and looks after the land, 96% of the most forestland is publicly owned by the government. There are many laws placed to keep the land safe, such as the sustainable forest management ensures that Canadian forest is healthy. This is a way to manage the forest with environmental, social and economic benefits in the future. All the parks maintain the landscapes, keep the biodiversity safe and allow there to be scientific research. The boreal forest is very important to Canada and the planet, Canada’s boreal forest takes up around to 270 million hectares that store carbon, clean the air and regulate climate. The forest and many other forests provide; jobs for Canada, are culturally and economically important to the Aboriginal people, contribute to the national economy for timber products, non-timber products, mineral, energy resources and hydroelectricity. The forests also provide food and raw materials to Canada. There are many unique tourism and recreational opportunities. The forests are therefore essential to the landscape and play a major role in Canadian lives (“Boreal Forest | Natural Resources Canada”).