Waves Bailey DEsherlia

The 3 Types of Waves

Transverse Wave: Waves that consist of oscillations at a right angle to the propagation of the wave or direction of energy transfer. This means that the waves are moving up and down but not side to side. All waves on the electromagnetic spectrum are examples of transverse waves that oscillate up and down.
Surface Wave: Defined as a mechanical wave that propagates along matter between differing media. An example of this would be the ocean waves being acted on by gravity.
Longitudinal Wave: The displacement of the medium is the same direction or opposing direction of the propagation of the wave. An example would be sound waves. These waves need a medium to travel through, such as sound traveling through air by the vibration of molecules affecting others.
Vocab

Crest: Highest point on a transverse wave Trough: Lowest point on a transverse wave Rarefaction: Spread section of longitudinal wave Compression: Tighter section of longitudinal wave Wavelength: Distance between two similar parts of a wave Amplitude: Distance between the highest point of a wave and a position of equilibrium Medium: The material that a mechanical wave moves through Energy: A property that represents a capacity to perform work, such as motion or interaction of molecules

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