"One dance in particular, the jitterbug dance, was quite popular in the African American community, particularly in the Harlem nightclubs in New York City...
...whereas white dances typically involved rigid upper body posture, black dancers incorporated movements from their African heritage which typically consisted of quick legwork and very mobile upper body movement"
“The term jitterbug comes from an early 20th-century slang term used to describe alcoholics who suffered from the ‘jitters’”
The Juba was one of the earliest black dances in the new world
Called Mo’juba in Yoruba, also the phrase mojo is derived from the name, and means “I give reverence to”
In West African Traditions, prayer and dance were linked
MAPOUKA AND TWERKING
"Modern day twerking is very similar to Makouka, a dance from Cote d’Ivoire. The dance has existed for centuries and consists of a series of movements emphasizing the buttocks. Mapouka requires great skill and isolation of muscles. From its origin, Mapouka was a celebratory dance for festivals by Africans and was widely accepted because people believed that this dance led to encounters with God. Research shows that Mapouka has been used as a way to decide mates for young men and women as well.”
The dance began in the southeast of the Ivory Coast
Mapouka in the local language translates to "butt dance"
"It's performed mostly by women, and usually for ceremonies where they shake their buttocks vigorously from side to side, almost as if the rear end is shivering independently of the rest of the body."