United Nations

Why was the United Nations created?

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation. It is used to ensure that governments of major countries around the world would continue to actively fight against the axis powers in World War Two. It is a replacement for the ineffective League of Nations.

What came before the United Nations? Why was it created?

The forerunner of the United Nations was the League of Nations, an organization conceived in similar circumstances during the first World War, and established in 1919 under the Treaty of Versailles "to promote international cooperation and to achieve peace and security." The League of Nations was a novel experiment in international organizations at the time of its establishment. However, it might have been ahead of its time, and it simply could have not functioned without integrating in itself all great powers of the time - primarily, due to the lack of support by the United States. In the 1920s, the League of Nations functioned quite all right, but in the 1930s it simply was not strong enough to prevent the rising colonial conflicts and the rise of imperial and totalitarian regimes in Italy, Germany and Japan which presented a tremendous challenge to the fragile post-World War I international order.

What is the ultimate goal of the United Nations?

The goal was to encourage cooperation between countries and keep international peace and security.

Where is the United Nations Headquarters? (5 points)

New York City, NY

How does the United Nations work? (10 points)

"Peacekeeping" operations are sponsored by the United Nations. Currently, the U.N. has peacekeeping forces in more than a dozen different countries including Sierra Leone, Ethiopia, India, Pakistan, Cyprus and Lebanon (full list).

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is a U.N. agency that inspects the nuclear programs of nations to ensure that nuclear materials are not being diverted for military use.

The Security Council is a U.N. organization that makes some of the most important international decisions on the planet.

The Earth Summit and the Kyoto Protocol were U.N.-sponsored efforts -- the largest international environmental efforts ever.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a U.N. document ratified by the members of the General Assembly.

The World Court or International Court of Justice in The Hague, the Netherlands, acts as the judicial portion of the United Nations and hears cases and international disputes from around the world.

The World Health Organization is a U.N. program.

UNICEF is a U.N. program. Originally, UNICEF helped children affected by WWII.

United Nations Member States

Afghanistan Bhutan Costa Rica Fiji

Albania Bolivia Côte d’Ivoire Finland

Algeria Bosnia and Herzegovina [2] Croatia [3] France

Andorra Botswana Cuba Gabon

Angola Brazil Cyprus Gambia

Antigua and Barbuda Brunei Darussalam Czech Republic [4] Georgia

Argentina Bulgaria Democratic People’s Republic of Korea Germany [7]

Armenia Burkina Faso Democratic Republic of the Congo [5] Ghana

Australia Burundi Denmark Greece

Austria Cambodia Djibouti Grenada

Azerbaijan Cameroon Dominica Guatemala

Bahamas Canada Dominican Republic Guinea

Bahrain Cape Verde Ecuador Guinea-Bissau

Bangladesh Central African Republic Egypt [6] Guyana

Barbados Chad El Salvador Haiti

Belarus [1] Chile Equatorial Guinea Honduras

Belgium China Eritrea Hungary

Belize Colombia Estonia Iceland

Benin Comoros Ethiopia India

Congo (Republic of the) Mozambique Philippines

Indonesia [8] Liechtenstein Myanmar Poland

Iran Lithuania Namibia Portugal

Iraq Luxembourg Nauru Qatar

Ireland Madagascar Nepal Republic of Korea

Israel Malawi Netherlands Republic of Moldova

Italy Malaysia [9] New Zealand Romania

Jamaica Maldives Nicaragua Russian Federation [11]

Japan Mali Niger Rwanda

Jordan Malta Nigeria Saint Kitts and Nevis

Kazakhstan Marshall Islands Norway Saint Lucia

Kenya Mauritania Oman Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Kiribati Mauritius Pakistan Samoa

Kuwait Mexico Palau San Marino

Kyrgyzstan Micronesia (Federated States of) Panama Sao Tome and Principe

Lao People’s Democratic Republic Monaco Papua New Guinea Saudi Arabia

Latvia Mongolia Paraguay Senegal

Lebanon Montenegro [10] Peru Serbia [12]

Lesotho Morocco Seychelles

Liberia Tonga Sierra Leone

Libya Trinidad and Tobago

Singapore Tunisia

Slovakia [13] Turkey

Slovenia [14] Turkmenistan

Solomon Islands Tuvalu

Somalia Uganda

South Africa Ukraine

South Sudan United Arab Emirates

Spain United Kingdom

Sri Lanka United of Republic of Tanzania[17]

Sudan United States

Suriname Uruguay

Swaziland Uzbekistan

Switzerland Vanuatu

Sweden Venezuela

Syria [15] Viet Nam

Tajikistan Yemen [18]

Thailand Zambia

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia [16] Zimbabwe

Timor Leste

Togo

What is the Security Council? (5 points)

The Security Council is the United Nations' most powerful body, with "primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security." Five powerful countries sit as "permanent members" along with ten elected members with two-year terms.

What does the Security Council do? (5 points)

The Security Council has primary responsibility, under the United Nations Charter, for the maintenance of international peace and security. It is for the Security Council to determine when and where a UN Peacekeeping operation should be deployed.

Why does the Security Council get a veto over all proposals? (5 points)

They are the United Nations most powerful body

Why do countries have different voting abilities? (10 points)

Because certain countries have more power over foreign affairs such as the United States because they are considered a World Superpower.

What type of problems does the United Nations attempt to solve in the world? (5 points)

To its initial goals of safeguarding peace, protecting human rights, establishing the framework for international justice and promoting economic and social progress, in the seven decades since its creation the United Nations has added on new challenges, such as climate change, refugees and AIDS.

What committees has the United Nations formed and what are their goals? (5 points)

First Committee (Disarmament and International Security Committee) is concerned with disarmament and related international security questions;

Second Committee (Economic and Financial Committee) is concerned with economic questions;

Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee) deals with social and humanitarian issues;

Fourth Committee (Special Political and Decolonization Committee) deals with a variety of political subjects not dealt with by the First Committee, as well as with decolonization;

Fifth Committee (Administrative and Budgetary Committee) deals with the administration and budget of the United Nations; and

Sixth Committee (Legal Committee) deals with international legal matters.

What has been the greatest achievement of the United Nations to date? (10 points)

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948 at the Palais de Chaillot, Paris.

Do you think the United Nations should be kept or abolished and why? (10 points)

I believe it should be kept because it has been proven to be effective at resolving world issues.

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