Why was the United Nations created?
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation. It is used to ensure that governments of major countries around the world would continue to actively fight against the axis powers in World War Two. It is a replacement for the ineffective League of Nations.
What came before the United Nations? Why was it created?
The forerunner of the United Nations was the League of Nations, an organization conceived in similar circumstances during the first World War, and established in 1919 under the Treaty of Versailles "to promote international cooperation and to achieve peace and security." The League of Nations was a novel experiment in international organizations at the time of its establishment. However, it might have been ahead of its time, and it simply could have not functioned without integrating in itself all great powers of the time - primarily, due to the lack of support by the United States. In the 1920s, the League of Nations functioned quite all right, but in the 1930s it simply was not strong enough to prevent the rising colonial conflicts and the rise of imperial and totalitarian regimes in Italy, Germany and Japan which presented a tremendous challenge to the fragile post-World War I international order.
What is the ultimate goal of the United Nations?
The goal was to encourage cooperation between countries and keep international peace and security.
Where is the United Nations Headquarters? (5 points)
New York City, NY
How does the United Nations work? (10 points)
"Peacekeeping" operations are sponsored by the United Nations. Currently, the U.N. has peacekeeping forces in more than a dozen different countries including Sierra Leone, Ethiopia, India, Pakistan, Cyprus and Lebanon (full list).
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is a U.N. agency that inspects the nuclear programs of nations to ensure that nuclear materials are not being diverted for military use.
The Security Council is a U.N. organization that makes some of the most important international decisions on the planet.
The Earth Summit and the Kyoto Protocol were U.N.-sponsored efforts -- the largest international environmental efforts ever.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a U.N. document ratified by the members of the General Assembly.
The World Court or International Court of Justice in The Hague, the Netherlands, acts as the judicial portion of the United Nations and hears cases and international disputes from around the world.
The World Health Organization is a U.N. program.
UNICEF is a U.N. program. Originally, UNICEF helped children affected by WWII.
United Nations Member States
Afghanistan Bhutan Costa Rica Fiji
Albania Bolivia Côte d’Ivoire Finland
Algeria Bosnia and Herzegovina  Croatia  France
Andorra Botswana Cuba Gabon
Angola Brazil Cyprus Gambia
Antigua and Barbuda Brunei Darussalam Czech Republic  Georgia
Argentina Bulgaria Democratic People’s Republic of Korea Germany 
Armenia Burkina Faso Democratic Republic of the Congo  Ghana
Australia Burundi Denmark Greece
Austria Cambodia Djibouti Grenada
Azerbaijan Cameroon Dominica Guatemala
Bahamas Canada Dominican Republic Guinea
Bahrain Cape Verde Ecuador Guinea-Bissau
Bangladesh Central African Republic Egypt  Guyana
Barbados Chad El Salvador Haiti
Belarus  Chile Equatorial Guinea Honduras
Belgium China Eritrea Hungary
Belize Colombia Estonia Iceland
Benin Comoros Ethiopia India
Congo (Republic of the) Mozambique Philippines
Indonesia  Liechtenstein Myanmar Poland
Iran Lithuania Namibia Portugal
Iraq Luxembourg Nauru Qatar
Ireland Madagascar Nepal Republic of Korea
Israel Malawi Netherlands Republic of Moldova
Italy Malaysia  New Zealand Romania
Jamaica Maldives Nicaragua Russian Federation 
Japan Mali Niger Rwanda
Jordan Malta Nigeria Saint Kitts and Nevis
Kazakhstan Marshall Islands Norway Saint Lucia
Kenya Mauritania Oman Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Kiribati Mauritius Pakistan Samoa
Kuwait Mexico Palau San Marino
Kyrgyzstan Micronesia (Federated States of) Panama Sao Tome and Principe
Lao People’s Democratic Republic Monaco Papua New Guinea Saudi Arabia
Latvia Mongolia Paraguay Senegal
Lebanon Montenegro  Peru Serbia 
Lesotho Morocco Seychelles
Liberia Tonga Sierra Leone
Libya Trinidad and Tobago
Slovakia  Turkey
Slovenia  Turkmenistan
Solomon Islands Tuvalu
South Africa Ukraine
South Sudan United Arab Emirates
Spain United Kingdom
Sri Lanka United of Republic of Tanzania
Sudan United States
Syria  Viet Nam
Tajikistan Yemen 
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia  Zimbabwe
What is the Security Council? (5 points)
The Security Council is the United Nations' most powerful body, with "primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security." Five powerful countries sit as "permanent members" along with ten elected members with two-year terms.
What does the Security Council do? (5 points)
The Security Council has primary responsibility, under the United Nations Charter, for the maintenance of international peace and security. It is for the Security Council to determine when and where a UN Peacekeeping operation should be deployed.
Why does the Security Council get a veto over all proposals? (5 points)
They are the United Nations most powerful body
Why do countries have different voting abilities? (10 points)
Because certain countries have more power over foreign affairs such as the United States because they are considered a World Superpower.
What type of problems does the United Nations attempt to solve in the world? (5 points)
To its initial goals of safeguarding peace, protecting human rights, establishing the framework for international justice and promoting economic and social progress, in the seven decades since its creation the United Nations has added on new challenges, such as climate change, refugees and AIDS.
What committees has the United Nations formed and what are their goals? (5 points)
First Committee (Disarmament and International Security Committee) is concerned with disarmament and related international security questions;
Second Committee (Economic and Financial Committee) is concerned with economic questions;
Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee) deals with social and humanitarian issues;
Fourth Committee (Special Political and Decolonization Committee) deals with a variety of political subjects not dealt with by the First Committee, as well as with decolonization;
Fifth Committee (Administrative and Budgetary Committee) deals with the administration and budget of the United Nations; and
Sixth Committee (Legal Committee) deals with international legal matters.
What has been the greatest achievement of the United Nations to date? (10 points)
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948 at the Palais de Chaillot, Paris.
Do you think the United Nations should be kept or abolished and why? (10 points)
I believe it should be kept because it has been proven to be effective at resolving world issues.