The Persistence of Caste Despite Its Official Illegality By: Sofia Allinson

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The topic I chose to research was the Persistence of Caste Despite Its Official Illegality. I brainstormed many questions, but chose to research about how the caste system was affected after it was outlawed. This is because I did not know the answer to this question and I was interested in finding out. I also think there could be lots of different aspects to the answer which makes for a good research question. The illegality of the caste system can affect different groups positively and negatively and I wanted to know how small or big of an impact it has had. I also wanted learn about the different points of views that there could possibly be.

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Even after the caste system was outlawed, life was still not equal for all the groups especially the Dalits or Untouchables. There were bad reserved jobs for the Dalits and it it did not matter if they were educated, did well, or got a degree in something. They came from extremely poor backrounds and it was hard to get themselves out of it with the job reservations and the general discrimination against them. The Dalits realized this as well.

Source: Vajpeyi, Ananya. "The Enduring Curse of Caste." New York Times, March 9, 2016. Accessed November 29, 2016. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/10/opinion/the-enduring-curse-of-caste.html. The New York Times has been around for over 100 years and is well known by the country and the world. This article explains how the untouchables were still mistreated despite the outlaw of the caste system.

The lower castes have had many disadvantages for so long that the state created specific university seats as well as the reserved government jobs specifically for them. After the caste system was outlawed the lower caste groups were still recognizable by their last name. This made it harder for them to live with complete freedom because many people looked down upon them. In some southern states and in the northern states of Bilhar, many people began using just one name.

Source: BBC. "What is India's caste system?" February 25, 2016. Accessed November 30, 2016. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-35650616. This source is reliable because BBC is known as a world class world service. This source gives information about how the lower groups in the caste systems were effected.

Source: Argawal, Ravi. "India's caste system: Outlawed, but still omnipresent." cnn.com. Last modified February 23, 2016. Accessed December 4, 2016. Cnn is a reliable source because it is a well regarded TV channel and is very well known throughout the world. This source explains how the lower caste systems are still treated unfairly and there have been protests.

Jats Protesting- http://www.thehindu.com/multimedia/dynamic/02744/jat1_2744847f.jpg

The laws that are meant to help reduce the effects of caste are often protested. The reserved jobs for government positions, a type of affirmative action, is very controversial. The purpose of the reserved jobs is to give jobs to the lower castes in an attempt to eventually make a more equal society. However, the lower castes are still not equal because they are still discriminated against and they would like more freedom with their jobs. At the same time, many other people are very angry about the reserved jobs and affirmative action. Many of those people see the system as unfair. For example, some recent violence began with a group called the Jats, made up of farmers and traders. The asked "Why is it harder for us to get into universities, to get jobs?" They protested intensely and 16 people were killed by the police when they set buildigs on fire, damaged water canals, and blocked highways.

Source: Argawal, Ravi. "India's caste system: Outlawed, but still omnipresent." cnn.com. Last modified February 23, 2016. Accessed December 4, 2016. Cnn is a reliable source because it is a well regarded TV channel and is very well known throughout the world. This source explains how the lower caste systems are still treated unfairly and there have been protests.

Source: BBC. "What is India's caste system?" February 25, 2016. Accessed November 30, 2016. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-35650616. This source is reliable because BBC is known as a world class world service. This source gives information about how the lower groups in the caste systems were effected.

think about now. "Markets Are Breaking Down India's Caste System, Turning Untouchables into Millionaires." September 5, 2016. Accessed November 29, 2016. http://thinkaboutnow.com/2016/09/1008. This source is reliable because it is reasonably well known. This article explains how the Untouchables are treated a little better, but they are still not equal to the other caste groups.

Although the Dalits have been not treated completely equal compared to the other caste system groups, there has been some progress. The fact that there is a more free economic system compared to the past allows a greater chance for the Dalits to become wealthier. Some have become wealthy business owners and some have also even become millionaires. In recent years, non religious education has grown and more people live in cities which have both reduced the importance of the caste system. There are many cities where people of different castes live next door and inter-caste marriages are becoming more common.

Source: think about now. "Markets Are Breaking Down India's Caste System, Turning Untouchables into Millionaires." September 5, 2016. Accessed November 29, 2016. http://thinkaboutnow.com/2016/09/1008. This source is reliable because it is reasonably well known. This article explains how the Untouchables are treated a little better, but they are still not equal to the other caste groups.

http://www.hinduwebsite.com/hinduism/images/caste.jpg

Hinduism and the religious teachings affect how Indians behave and view politics, economics, and the legacy of the caste system. The caste system has had a long term effect on how Hindus act and what they believe in terms of society. The outlaw of the caste system is a new adjustment either for the better or for the worse depending on your point of view and position in society.

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