Samurai Kelli Cahill period: 7

In ancient Japan became a military society because of Minamoto Yoritomo who became the first shogun in 1192. He set up military government in the city of Kamakura. The emperor was the first on the social structure pyramid. Next was shogun, then Daimyo and lastly, samurai who protected the daimyo. Samurai must die in a honorable death like in war.

Samurai armor, weapons, fighting, and the warrior code

When samurai's fought they wore heavy armor to protect themselves. They wore a robe called a kimono and baggy trousers and had skin guardes mad of leather to protect their legs. Their armor was strong, yet flexible enough to fight in. They wore an iron mask to scare their enemies. To become a samurai you would have to go through a lot of training. They practiced archery until they could shoot accurately without even thinking how to shoot. They were mentally supposed to learn self control, so they could focus only on fighting. The samurai believed in Zen Buddhism.

Training in writing, literature, and tea ceremony

In the 17th century, samurai were expected to be good warriors and be students of culture. Two very important aspects of culture was literature and writing also including reading. They practiced calligraphy which is the art of beautiful writing. They also wrote poetry. The tea ceremony fostered a spirit of harmony, revence, and calm. Every step of the ceremony was different. The decorations were simple and everyone that came in had to be quite.

Spiritual training

Two popular Buddhism forms were called Amida and Zen Buddhism. Samurai were more interested in Zen Buddhism than Amida. A monk named honey found Amida in the 12th century and said it could make all people reach paradise. Zen Buddhism provides discipline and effort. This involves self reliance and achieving enlightenment by meditation.

Women in Samurai society

In the 12th century, the women samurai didn't fight much. They were still expected to be just as brave as the men. In the 17th century, the women samurai's power weakened. They didn't get to choose much things, or even who they want to marry. They just obey the men such as therapies fathers, husbands, and even their sons when they grow old.

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