Little Rock Nine A group of african american students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957.

(P) Nine black students made history by bravely standing up for all black people when they integrated into a white school facing oppression and abuse from white students and parents.

(Q) In a key event of the American Civil Rights Movement, nine black students enrolled at formerly all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, in September 1957, testing a landmark 1954 U.S. Supreme Court ruling that declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional.

(Q) In its landmark Brown v. Board of Education decision, issued May 17, 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that segregation of America’s public schools was unconstitutional. Until the court’s decision, many states across the nation had mandatory segregation laws, requiring African-American and Caucasian children to attend separate schools. Resistance to the ruling was so widespread that the court issued a second decision in 1955, known as Brown II, ordering school districts to integrate “with all deliberate speed.”
(P) Orval Faubus, the governor of Arkansas, was very opposed to the idea of integration and ordered the national guard to keep black students out of Central.

(S) Everything else in Arkansas was integrated peacefully, however the school system was the exception to the rule. After the supreme court ruling of Brown v Board of Education, the state complied with the new rules by integrating schools which received tons of backlash from white students and parents. On September 3, 1957, the day before the black students were scheduled to start, Gov. Faubus ordered the national guard to keep the nine black students out of Central High School, and stated on statewide television that it "would not be possible to restore or to maintain order" with this forced integration.

(Q) The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Little Rock, Arkansas, school board adopted a plan for gradual integration of its schools. The first institutions to integrate would be the high schools, beginning in September 1957.
(S) Governor Faubus, along with many others, continued to express their disapproval of the black students attending the school through violent and personal attacks toward them. They faced harassment, legal disputes, and plenty of teasing throughout their time at Central High School.
(P) The harassment, for minijean, was too much to bear and she felt she needed to stand up for herself which only resulted in more trouble for her. She was suspended and later expelled for defending herself.
(S) After Little Rock Nine's first year, in which Ernest Green became the first black graduate of Central high School, governor Faubus closed down all Little Rock high schools for an entire year, pending public vote, in order to prevent African American attendance. The public voted in favor of segregated schools forcing the rest of the Little Rock Nine to finish their education at other schools.
The Little Rock Nine then and now.

Works Cited

ABC-CLIO. "ABC-CLIO." ABC-CLIO Corporate - Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2017.

Bucher, Robert, and Brenda Wright. "Robert Bucher." Warsaw Community High School. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2017.

Ellis, Blake A. "Little Rock Nine." The American Mosaic: The African American Experience, ABC-CLIO, 2017, Africanamerican.abc-clio.com/Search/Display/1477400. Accessed 21 Mar. 2017.

History.com Staff. "Integration of Central High School." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2010. Web. 26 Mar. 2017.

Created By
Beth Stiltner
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