Hydrogen- the 1st Element By: Tess Abraham- Ms.Siegel Period B

Cover picture: http://images-of-elements.com/hydrogen.php

Background Info.

Hydrogen (or H) is the first element of the periodic table. It is the only member of group one to be a colorless gas. Out of all gases, it has the lowest density.

Henry Cavendish, founder of Hydrgen;http://tellmewhyfacts.com/Top+7+Mad+Scientists/henry-cavendish/

Although earlier scientists unknowingly discovered (and made observations of) hydrogen, we consider it to be discovered by Henry Cavendish in 1766 because he collected the bubbles,proved that they weren't other elements, and demonstrated that when the element burns it forms water. The name is composed from words that were originally Greek "hudōr" (water), and "gennan" (generate). This gas was given its name by Antoine Lavoisier, and can also be called water-former. Another (more rare) form of Hydrogen is deuterium. http://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/1/hydrogen

The Structure of Hydrogen

  • The atomic number of Hydrogen is 1.
  • The atomic mass is 1.008amu.
  • Protons:1
  • Neutrons:0
  • Electrons:1
  • Stable Isotopes: H-1 and H-2
  • http://www.chemicalelements.com/elements/h.html

Natural Sources


Hyydrogen is the most abundant of all elements. To some planets (like Jupiter) this element is a very important factor because it is present at the core of their planet. It is found in the sun and most stars. To produce pure Hydrogen industries use fuel sources like petroleum, natural gas, and coal. It is obtained from mines, oil, and gas wells.

  • http://www.chemicalelements.com/elements/h.html
  • http://www.chemeddl.org/resources/ptl/

Major Uses

Hot-air balloons can also use hydrogen as an alternative to helium. http://newdeserttimes.com/balloons-and-wine/

Hydrogen is widely known for its compound with oxygen to make the most vital resource, water. It can also be used for rocket fuel and filling balloons (or not-air balloons). This element was issued as a pollution-free source of energy for buses and cars. Using liquid hydrogen, scientists can conduct the study of super-conductivity in a more efficient way. Also, it can be used for making an atmosphere while creating flat glass sheets. http://www.chemicalelements.com/elements/h.html


Did You Know......?

  • Did you know that the Hindenburg Disaster on May 6, 1937 was caused by hydrogen combined with static electricity? Hydrogen is extremely flammable, so when the gas leaked into ventilation shafts while the crew was trying to ground the airship an explosion erupted and resulted in more than 30 deaths.
  • Did you know that hydrogen makes up more than 90 percent of all atoms and is essential for life?
  • www.ibtimes.com/what-caused-hindenburg-explode-scientists-believe-they-solved-mystery-1110898
  • http://www.livescience.com/28466-hydrogen.html

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