Designing with Materials BY: Alyssa Ellerbrock

Cut-out Design Project

This is my final product.

Element Cuts Vocabulary:

Asymmetry - A lack of equality or equivalence between parts or aspects of something.

Balance - The way in which the elements in visual arts are arranged to create a feeling of equilibrium in an artwork. The three types of balance are symmetry, asymmetry, and radial.

Collage - An artistic composition made of various materials (e.g., paper, cloth, or wood) glued on a surface.

Composition - The overall placement and organization of elements in a work of art, as well as the interrelationships between individual elements.

Elements of Design - Sensory components used to create and talk about works of art: Line, color, shape/form, texture, value, space.

Geometric Shape - Any shape or form having more mathematic than organic design. Geometric designs are typically made with straight lines or shapes from geometry.

Line - An element of art that refers to the continuous marke made on a surface by a moving point. In visual art, a delineation or fracturing of space in color or black and white. Line qualities can vary in width, length, gesture, color, direction, etc.

Negative Space - Shapes or spaces that are or represent the area unoccupied by objects.

Positive Space - Shapes or spaces in an image that represent solid objects or forms.

Principles of Design - A design concept describingthe ways in which the elements of an image are arranged (ie. balance, contrast, dominance, emphasis, movement, repitition, rhythm, variatition, unity)

Shape - A two-dimensional area or plane that may be open or closed, free form or geometric. It can be found in nature or created by humans.

Space - The area between, around, above, below, or contained within objects. Spaces are areas defined by the shapes and forms around them and within them, just as shapes and forms are defined by the space around and within them.

Symmetry - A balance of parts on opposite sides of a perceived midline, giving the appearance of equal visual weight.

The first step I did was to make a rough draft of my idea.
Then, I measured it out and put it on my final black piece of paper.
Next, I began to use an exacto knife and cut the pieces out.
Once all of my pieces were all cut out I was ready to put it on top of the white piece of paper.


This project was a really great start to the semester class. I learned about the importance of contrast between the negative and positive space. In this project we also worked with organic and geometric shapes. I used mostly geometric shapes such as rectangles, squares, and lines. We had to work on just two pieces of paper one being white, and the other being black. We were then allowed to use one piece of color to make it pop on our page. I decided on the color green, which added a vibrant look to my piece of art.

Mixed Media Project

Mixed media vocabulary:

Abstract - A style of art that is not realistic. Unusual lines, colors, and shapes make the subject look unrealistic. It is often characterized by the use of geometric lines and shapes and bold, bright colors.

Acrylics - Quick drying, plastic polymer pigment used with water.

Additives - The process of adding or joining parts and/or visual elements together to create a painting, collage or sculpture (as opposed to subtractive).

Background - The part of the picture plane that seems to be farthest from the viewer.

Foreground - Part of a two-dimensional artwork that appears to be nearer the viewer or in the “front” of the image. Middle ground and background are the parts of the picture that appear to be farther and farthest away.

Intensity - Also called chroma or saturation; refers to the brightness of a color (a color is full in intensity only when in its pure form and unmixed). Color intensity can be changed by adding black, white, gray or an opposite color on the color wheel.

Middle Ground - Area of a two-dimensional work of art between the foreground (closest to the front) and background (furthest receded).

Mixed Media - An artwork in which more than one type of art material is used.

Nonobjective - Having no recognizable object or subject; also, nonrepresentational.

Watercolor - A transparent pigment used with water. Paintings done with this medium are known as watercolors.

Mixed media Project reflection:

Printing Project

Printing vocabulary:

Contour - The outline of a shape.

Cross-hatching - A method of showing value by using parallel lines at different angles that get darker as they are drawn closer together.

Focal Point - The area in a work of art that an artist emphasizes.

Horizon Line - In an artwork, the line where the ground and sky appear to meet.

Monochromatic - A color scheme using only tints and shades of a single color.

Monoprint - A print made from a plate that can be used only once.

Neutrals - A word used for black, white, and tints and shades of gray. (Some artists use tints and shades of brown as neutrals.)

Plate - In printmaking, a piece of flat material, such as wood or metal, with a design on the surface. The plate is used to print the design.

Print - An artwork created by making an impression of a design.

Print making - The transference of an image from one surface (plate or block) to another (usually paper) with ink. The process of making one or more prints.

Relief Printing - A print made by covering a printing block with ink or paint and pressing paper onto the block. The areas or lines gouged out do not print. (Examples: woodcut, block print, linocut, styrofoam plate, etc.

Printing Project reflection:

I really liked this project. I decided on this imagery because I like boats and the ocean. I didn't have any artist influence me. This is original because I thought of it myself. I used blue for the sky and the water. And then I used black and red for the boat. I liked red more because it stuck out the most. I would not change the color scheme. My favorite linocut technique would be black and white. I like that the most because it has the best contrast in my opinion.

Glass Project

Glass vocabulary:

Description - Description is identifying the literal qualities or realistic presentation of subject matter, along with the elements of art found. It demands only the facts of what can be seen, often in one or more works of art; and partly two or more works can be described by comparing them to each other.

Design - A plan, or to plan. The organization or composition of a work; the skilled arrangement of its parts. An effective design is one in which the elements of art and principles of design have been combined to achieve an overall sense of unity.

Dominance - The part of a composition that is emphasized, has the greatest visual weight, the most important, powerful, or has the most influence. A certain color can be dominant, and so can an object,line, shape, or texture.

Form - The element of art that refers to an object with three-dimensions (height, width, and depth) and encloses volume.

Hue - The colors name. Example: red

Proportion - The relation of one thing to another with respect to size and placement.

Variety - The combination of elements or art, such as line, shape, or color, in an artwork. Variety is a principle of design.

Glass project reflection:

This project didn't go as well. Someone stole my first glass project so I had to redo it. Total bummer!

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