How do frogs protect themselves against their enemies?
- Some have poison glands in their skin
- Some will be very brightly colored body to warn enemies that it taste bad or are poisonous
- Others use their color as camouflage to hide from their enemies.
- Some will fool the enemy by puffing themselves up with air to make it look too big to be swallowed.
How do frogs catch insects for their food?
- The male frogs are the ones that sing
- Different species sing different songs
- The males sing to attract the females for mating
- Some frogs have a vocal sac which fills with air and swells up to make their voice louder
- Some males use their voice as a territorial call to warn other males that this is their territory.
How do frogs mate?
- Before frogs mate, their bodies go through some changes.
- These changes are caused by hormones. They produce sex cells and changes in appearance of the frogs
- When the male frog attracts a female to mate, it will sit on the female's back and hold onto it
- As the eggs are released into the water, the male will release sperm over them to fertilize them
- Frogs that live in tropical and semi-tropical regions, breed during the rainy season.
- Others, breed in spring or early summer.
The Life Cycle of Frogs
- The eggs will hatch within 3-25 days depending on the species
- The eggs are usually covered with a jellylike substance which is a protective coating
- Young frogs are called tadpoles or polliwogs
- They look like little fish
- As the tadpole develops, it will first grow the hind legs and then the front legs or arms
- The tail slowly retracts and the frog hops up on land as an adult.