Man Ray Rachel Taylor


Man Ray was born as Emmanuel Radnitzky in 1890 to a Russian-Jewish immigrant family in Philadelphia, his family changed their second name to Ray due to the fear of anti semitism. Nicknamed Manny he then shortened his name to Man and this is what many people now know him as.

Ray trained as an artist at the Ferrer School, however after getting to know gallery owner, Alfred Stieglitz, he became interested in photography and started to make photography his full time career.


Man Ray created the photogram, a process which creates an image without the use of a camera. He done this by placing different objects onto a light sensitive material (photographic paper .etc) and exposing it to light. The results vary depending on the opacity of the object used. This means that areas of the paper that have received no light appear white whilst objects which are less opaque appear grey in colour .


Replicating the Process

  • There are a few things you will have to do to your photo before it resembles a bonafide photogram. Luckily, they are all things which any decent photo editor can accomplish in one way or another.
  1. Next, edit the photo so that the background is solid white and the silhouettes are black. If you have translucent objects as well, try to find a balance where the solid objects look black, but you can still see plenty of texture on translucent items.
  2. Next up, invert the colours on your photo so that black is white and white is black. All the other colours will change too.
  3. convert the photo to black and white.

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