Definition of the Disorder
Osteoporosis is a common disease with roughly 5% of Australian's (1 million) affected from the disease and over 200 million people worldwide. This disease effects bones, making them brittle and therefore more susceptible to breakage and fracturing than healthy bones. This can result in fractures and even breaks from extremely low impact . It is caused by bones losing essential minerals, such as calcium, faster than the body replaces those minerals which lowers bone density and bone mass.
Implications of the Disorder on the Individual and Society
Osteoporosis has a negative effect on both the individual who is inflicted with the disease and the society that they are a part of. The majority of these issues are faced by the individual, they are not limited to; great changes to the lifestyle that they partake in as activities that harbour any risk of blunt force, whether accidental or otherwise, pose a much more serious danger because of the high chance of bone related injury. Osteoporosis causes detrimental financial factors due to any bone related injuries needing to be fixed by doctors and therefore payed for, these injuries also take up time and can further limit the potential activities that can be performed by the person they are inflicted upon. The multitude of negative effects faced by larger society as result of Osteoporosis include; Higher Medicare costs as the time required from doctors to treat the disease needs to be payed for. Busier Hospitals and emergency sectors resulting in a longer waiting time for potential patients at need of medical help. Relatives and friends would often need to alter their own activities to be more befitting of the person inflicted with Osteoporosis.
How the Disorder Could be Prevented
Osteoporosis is caused by many things, it is the amount of these things present in an individuals life that determines the levels of damage that is caused by the disease. Because of this there are many steps required to prevent it and although they are relatively basic and easy, negating any of these steps can lead to symptoms of Osteoporosis.
Maintaining healthy levels of calcium in your diet is one of these essential steps of preventing Osteoporosis, calcium is essential for building and maintain bone. The majority of calcium goes straight to the skeletal system where it is stored and distributed by blood to other parts of the body. When calcium levels are low then the rest of the body requires, bone density will gradually decline leading to osteoporosis when not dealt with. Consuming calcium rich foods such as milk is the most efficient way of keeping calcium levels high
Vitamin D is also important for bone health and therefore is needed to prevent osteoporosis. This is because of its calcium absorbent properties. Maintaining healthy levels of vitamin D requires exposing oneself to the sun in healthy deviations so that the skin can absorb the vitamin D without being badly burned by the sun's UV rays.
Strategies to help improve a person with the disorders' lifestyle
Although osteoporosis is a life changing disease, there are ways to improve the lifestyle of those inflicted with it. One of these is the medication of the disease to lower the level of which they are affected by it. This strategy is plagued by the risks and negatives that come with the treatment such as Antiresorptive drugs which block resorption (bone breakdown) but also lower the rate that bone reformation occurs at. Although these risks are present they are most often overweighed by the positive effects that they can have for sufferers of Osteoporosis.
Dietary changes that seek to incorporate higher, more healthy levels of Osteoporosis are an important lifestyle change as it is a necessary portion of the recovery of people already affected by Osteoporosis
Another strategy to improve the lifestyle of someone with Osteoporosis is the integration of regular Outdoors walks as part of their day to day life. This is because both regular exercise and exposure to Vitamin D from the sun are important to not only prevent Osteoporosis but also promote recovery from it.
Finally, perhaps the most important strategy to improve the lifestyle of a sufferer of Osteoporosis is actively striving to lower the risks of injury in daily activities and avoiding activities that have high risk of injury. This is because of the higher susceptibility to bone breakage making what would usually be relatively low scale injuries much more devastating and any lowering of the chance of them occurring greatly improving the lifestyle of someone inflicted by Osteoporosis