Intro: Flags and Cultural Identity

On January 3, 1992, there was a meeting of Russian and American scholars. 2 weeks earlier the Soviet Union was no longer and Russian Federation became independent. The only problem was that the flag was hung upside down.

April 18, 1994, 2,000 people rallied in Sarajevo waving flags

October 16, 1994, in LA 70,000 people marched beneath "a sea of Mexican flags" protesting Proposition 187.

Multipolar, Multicivilizational World

The nation states of the west were Britain, France, Spain, Austria, Prussia, and US. Global politics became bipolar and were divided into three parts. They define themselves in terms of ancestry, religion, language, history, values, customs and institutions. Culture is both a divisive and unifying force. People are separated by ideology but united by culture. The cold war is a world of 7 out of 8 major civilizations. The end of cold war means end of significant conflict in global politics, "end of history".


Civilizations in History and Today

"Human history is the history of civilizations"

Central propositions concerning the nature, identity and dynamics of civilizations are:

  1. Distinction between civilization in the singular and civilizations; civilized society differed from primitive society because it was settled, urban and liberate. Civilizations in the plural retains relevance.
  2. A civilization is a cultural entity, outside Germany.
  3. Civilizations are comprehensive; none of their constituent units can be fully understood without reference to the encompassing civilization.
  4. Civilizations are mortal but also very long lived, they evolve, adapt and are the most enduring of human associations.
  5. Since civilizations are cultural and not political entitles, they do not maintain order.
  6. Scholars generally agree in their identification of the major civilizations in history and on the those that have existed in history.
  7. All scholars recognize the existence of either the existence of either a single distinct Chinese civilizations dating.


A Universal Civilization? Modernization and Westernization

  1. Human beings in virtually all societies share certain basic values, such as murder is evil and certain basic institutions, such as some form of the family.
  2. "universal civilization" could be used to refer to what civilized societies have in common.
  3. "universal civilization" may refer to the assumptions, values and doctrines currently held by many people in Western civilization and by some people in other civilizations.
  4. The idea is advanced that the spread of Western consumption patterns and popular culture around the world is creating a universal civilization.
Ronald Dore makes impressive case for the emergence of a global intellectual culture among diplomats and public officials.
Created By
Ravyn Woods

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