Massacre at wounded knee
Occurred on December 29, 1890, near Wounded Knee Creek on the Lakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in the U.S. state of South Dakota. Was part of the Sioux wars were 150-300 people were killed.
Fifteen million "new" immigrants
More than 15 million immigrants arrived in the United States
Queen Lili'uokalani, was overthrown by party of businessmen, who then imposed a provisional government. Soon after, President Benjamin Harrison submitted a treaty to annex the Hawaiian islands to the U.S. Senate for ratification
Peace with Spain, U.S. Receives Philippines, Samoa, Guam, and Puerto Rico
The Treaty of Paris of 1898 was an agreement made in 1898 that involved Spain relinquishing nearly all of the remaining Spanish Empire, especially Cuba, and ceding Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the United States. The cession of the Philippines involved a payment of $20 million from the United States to Spain.
Open door policy
A term in foreign affairs initially used to refer to the United States policy established in the late 19th century and the early 20th century, as enunciated in Secretary of State John Hay's Open Door Note, dated September 6, 1899 and dispatched to the major European powers.
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
the deadliest industrial disaster in the history of the city, and one of the deadliest in US history
The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
Federal reserve act
Act of Congress that created and established the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States, and which created the authority to issue Federal Reserve Notes(U. S. Dollars)
Sinking of Lusitania
The sinking of the Cunard ocean liner RMS Lusitania occurred on Friday, 7 May 1915 during the First World War, as Germany waged submarine warfare against the United Kingdom who had implemented a naval blockade of Germany.
Harlem Renaissance begins
A literary, artistic, and intellectual movement that kindled a new black cultural identity.
US enters WW1
The U.S. joined its allies--Britain, France, and Russia--to fight in World War I. Under the command of Major General John J. Pershing, more than 2 million U.S. soldiers fought on battlefields in France. Many Americans were not in favor of the U.S. entering the war and wanted to remain neutral.
Established the prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States by declaring the production, transport, and sale of alcohol (though not the consumption or private possession) illegal.
Refers to the summer and early autumn of 1919, which was marked by hundreds of deaths and higher casualties across the United States, as a result of race riots that occurred in more than three dozen cities and one rural county. In most instances, whites attacked African Americans.
Treaty of Versailles
Was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers.
prohibits the states and the federal government from denying the right to vote to citizens of the United States on the basis of sex
Raised United States individual income tax rates marginally on higher incomes
Lindbergh crosses the Atlantic
the first solo transatlantic flight, and the first non-stop flight between North America and mainland Europe
Stock Market crashes
The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday (October 29), the Great Crash, or the Stock Market Crash of 1929, began on October 24, 1929 and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States
The popular name for an assemblage of some 43,000 marchers—17,000 U.S. World War I veterans, their families, and affiliated groups—who gathered in Washington, D.C. in the summer of 1932 to demand cash-payment redemption of their service certificates
Bank Holiday, "Hundered days"
The First 100 Days. The President greets enthusiastic supporters in Warm Springs, Georgia on Dec. 1, 1933. March 4, 1933, was perhaps the Great Depression's darkest hour. The stock market had plunged 85% from its high in 1929, and nearly one-fourth of the workforce was unemployed.
NRA, AAA, FDIC, TVA, FERA, CCC
The alphabet soup (also New Deal agencies) were the U.S. federal government agencies created as part of the New Deal of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The earliest agencies were created to combat the Great Depression in the United States and were established during Roosevelt's first 100 days in office in 1933.
repealed the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which had mandated nationwide Prohibition on alcohol
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission is an independent agency of the United States federal government.
Social Security Act
An act to provide for the general welfare by establishing a system of Federal old-age benefits, and by enabling the several States to make more adequate provision for disabled people.
a foundational statute of United States labor law which guarantees basic rights of private sector employees to organize into trade unions, engage in collective bargaining for better terms and conditions at work, and take collective action including strike if necessary
FDR attempts to pack Supreme Court
Also called the Judicial Procedures Reform Bill of 1937, was a legislative initiative proposed by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt to add more justices to the U.S. Supreme Court.
Japan invades China
the Kwantung Army of the Empire of Japan invaded Manchuria immediately following the Mukden Incident. The Japanese established a puppet state called Manchukuo, and their occupation lasted until the end of World War II
Fair labor Standards Act
Establishes minimum wage, overtime pay, recordkeeping, and youth employment standards affecting employees in the private sector and in Federal, State, and local governments
World War 2 begins
began before dawn even had the opportunity to break in September 1939 when German forces tore into Poland
Congress authorized the sale, lease, transfer, or exchange of arms and supplies to 'any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the United States.
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor
A surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941
U. S. Interns Japanese
The forced relocation and incarceration in camps in the western interior of the country of between 110,000 and 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry, most of whom lived on the Pacific coast
Held from February 4 to 11, 1945, was the World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union, represented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Premier Joseph Stalin, respectively, for the purpose of discussing Europe's post-war reorganization.
Formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces. It thus marked the end of World War II in Europe.
The United States dropped nuclear weapons on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively, during the final stage of World War II. The United States had dropped the bombs with the consent of the United Kingdom as outlined in the Quebec Agreement.
"Iron Curtain" Speech
Winston Churchill visited Westminster College as the Green Lecturer and delivered "Sinews of Peace," a message heard round the world
was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $12 billion
the basic United States strategy for fighting the cold war with the Soviet Union
Helped stopped the Berlin bloackade, was the in western Berlin
a United States federal law that restricts the activities and power of labor unions
President Truman issues Executive Order No. 9981 Desegregating the Military
also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949
Communists control China
Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong declared the creation of the People’s Republic of China
began when North Korea invaded South Korea. The United Nations, with the United States as the principal force, came to the aid of South Korea. China came to the aid of North Korea, and the Soviet Union gave some assistance
Joseph McCarthy "McCarthyism"
is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence
Twenty-Second Amendment limits the President to two terms
sets a term limit for election and overall time of service to the office of President of the United States
Brown v. Board of Education, Supreme Court strikes down "Separate but equal"
was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional
divided into two separate nations, divided by the Bến Hải River in Quảng Trị Province at the 17th parallel
Montgomery Bus Boycott
a seminal event in the Civil Rights Movement, was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama
was a collective defence treaty among the Soviet Union and seven other Soviet satellite states in Central and Eastern Europe during the Cold War
Was the first artificial Earth satellite launched by the Soviet Union
in the Cold War period after World War II, U.S. foreign-policy pronouncement by President Dwight D. Eisenhower promising military or economic aid to any Middle Eastern country needing help in resisting communist aggression
Civil Rights Act
a landmark civil rights and US labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin
First U. S. satellite
Explorer 1 was the first satellite of the United States, launched as part of its participation in the International Geophysical Year
the U.S. Congress passes legislation establishing the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), a civilian agency responsible for coordinating America’s activities in space
a group of 13 African-American and white civil rights activists launched the Freedom Rides, a series of bus trips through the American South to protest segregation in interstate bus terminals
Bay of Pigs
An Invasion that was a failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the CIA-sponsored paramilitary group Brigade 2506 on 17 April 1961
Cuban missile crisis
A 13-day confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union concerning American ballistic missile deployment in Italy and Turkey with consequent Soviet ballistic missile deployment in Cuba
Civil Rights march on Washington
It was the largest demonstration ever seen in the nation's capital, and one of the first to have extensive television coverage
the 35th President of the United States, was fatally shot in Dallas, Texas while riding in a motorcade in Dallas' Dealey Plaza, at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time
Prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax
War on Poverty
Is the unofficial name for legislation first introduced by United States President Lyndon B. Johnson during his State of the Union address
Gulf of Tonkin
It involved two separate confrontations involving North Vietnam and the United States in the waters of the Gulf of Tonkin
was a set of domestic programs in the United States launched by Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson to eliminate poverty and racial injustice
Operation rolling thunder in Vietnam
was the title of a gradual and sustained aerial bombardment campaign conducted by the U.S. 2nd Air Division, U.S. Navy, and Republic of Vietnam Air Force against the Democratic Republic of Vietnam from 2 March 1965 until 2 November 1968, during the Vietnam War.
Malcolm X assassinated
one week after his home was firebombed, Malcolm X was shot to death by Nation of Islam members while speaking at a rally of his organization in New York City
N. O. W. Formed
to take action to bring women into full participation in the mainstream of American society now, exercising all the privileges and responsibilities thereof in truly equal partnership with men.
also known as the 12th Street riot, was a violent public disorder that turned into a civil disturbance in Detroit, Michigan. It began in the early morning hours of Sunday, July 23, 1967.
Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King assassinated
Both assassinated during their speeches
was a policy of the Richard Nixon administration to end U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War through a program to "expand, equip, and train South Vietnam's forces and assign to them an ever-increasing combat role, at the same time steadily reducing the number of U.S. combat troops
First man on the moon
Apollo 11 launched the first two men to the moon but Neil Armstrong was the first man to place his foot on the moon
Nixon proposed New Federalism
Nixon's new proposals for revamping the welfare system
Massacre at Kent State
The Kent State shootings was the shooting of unarmed college students protesting the Vietnam War at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio, by members of the Ohio National guard. 4 deaths occurred from this
to consolidate in one agency a variety of federal research, monitoring, standard-setting and enforcement activities to ensure environmental protection
SALT talk begins
a series of talks between United States and Soviet negotiators from 1972 to 1979 which sought to curtail the manufacture of strategic nuclear weapons. It was a continuation of the SALT I talks and was led by representatives from both countries. SALT II was the first nuclear arms treaty which assumed real reductions in strategic forces to 2,250 of all categories of delivery vehicles on both sides.
Nixon opens talks with China
President Richard M. Nixon arrived in China for an official trip. He was the first U.S. president to visit the People's Republic of China since it was established in 1949. This was an important event because the U.S. was seeking to improve relations with a Communist country during the Cold War
a major political scandal that occurred in the United States in the 1970s, following a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. in 1972 and President Richard Nixon's administration's attempted cover-up of its involvement
Roe v Wade
is a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of abortion. It was decided simultaneously with a companion case, Doe v. Bolton
U. S. forces withdraw from Vietnam
when the number of U.S. military personnel in South Vietnam had reached 540,000, Nixon announced a modest troop withdrawal
Nixon resigns, Ford's pardon
In a controversial executive action, President Gerald Ford pardons his disgraced predecessor Richard Nixon for any crimes he may have committed or participated in while in office
Saigon, capital city of South Vietnam, fell to North Vietnamese forces on April 30, 1975.
Camp David Accords
were signed by Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on 17 September 1978, following twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David
Panaman Canal treaties ratified
ending the control of the canal that the U.S. had exercised since 1903. The treaties are named after the two signatories, U.S. President Jimmy Carter and the Commander of Panama's National Guard, General Omar Torrijos
SALT 2 competed
During a summit meeting in Vienna, President Jimmy Carter and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sign the SALT-II agreement dealing with limitations and guidelines for nuclear weapons.
U. S. recognizes China
In one of the most dramatic announcements of the Cold War, President Jimmy Carter states that as of January 1, 1979, the United States will formally recognize the communist People’s Republic of China (PRC) and sever relations with Taiwan
American Embassy in Iran occupied
On November 4, 1979, a group of Iranian students stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, taking more than 60 American hostages.
USSR invaded Afghanistan
the Soviet Union sent thousands of troops into Afghanistan and immediately assumed complete military and political control of Kabul and large portions of the country
U. S. boycotts olympics, withdraws from SALT 2
President Jimmy Carter announces that the U.S. will boycott the Olympic Games scheduled to take place in Moscow that summer. The announcement came after the Soviet Union failed to comply with Carter’s February 20, 1980, deadline to withdraw its troops from Afghanistan
Reagan elected president
Ronald Reagan won the Republican Presidential nomination in 1980 and chose as his running mate former Texas Congressman and United Nations Ambassador George Bush
WWW goes public
is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators, interlinked by hypertext links, and can be accessed via the Internet. English scientist Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web
Gulf War(Operation Desert Storm)
for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
Collapse of Soviet Union
On December 25, 1991, the Soviet hammer and sickle flag lowered for the last time over the Kremlin, thereafter replaced by the Russian tricolor.
North American free trade agreement is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America.
World Trade Center bombed
On February 26, 1993, a bomb set by terrorists exploded below this site. This horrible act of violence killed innocent people, injured thousands, and made victims of us all." The fountain was destroyed with the rest of the World Trade Center during the September 11 attacks.
a movement to change the federal government's social welfare policy by shifting some of the responsibility to the states and cutting benefits.
Bill Clinton is Impeached by the United States House ofRepresentatives
the House of Representatives on December 19, 1998, against Bill Clinton, the 42nd President of the United States, on two charges, one of perjury and one of obstruction of justice.
the 54th quadrennial presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 7, 2000. Republican candidate George W. Bush won the election
World Trade Center, and Pentagon attacked
were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda on the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001. The attacks killed 2,996 people, injured over 6,000 others, and caused at least $10 billion in property and infrastructure damage and $3 trillion in total costs
Operation Enduring Freedom and War against Terrorism begins
Operation Enduring Freedom begins. President George W. Bush announces that US and British forces have begun airstrikes on Taliban and al Qaeda targets in Afghanistan. Airstrikes continue for five
U.S. Invades Iraq
signalled the start of the Iraq War, which was dubbed Operation Iraqi Freedom by the United States
the costliest natural disaster and one of the five deadliest hurricanes in the history of the United States
is generally considered the largest downturn since the Great Depression
a program of the United States government to purchase toxic assets and equity from financial institutions to strengthen its financial sector that was signed into law by U.S. President George W. Bush on October 3, 2008
Barack Obama elected
On November 4, 2008, Barack Obama defeated Republican presidential nominee John McCain, 52.9 percent to 45.7 percent, to win election as the 44th president of the United States—and the first African-American to hold this office.
Affordable Care Act
is a United States federal statute enacted by the 111th United States Congress and signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010
U.S. Withdraws from Iraq
The withdrawal of U.S. military forces from Iraq began in December 2007 with the end of the Iraq War troop surge of 2007 and was completed by December 2011, bringing an end to the Iraq War