History popplet

Period 7-

Massacre at wounded knee

Date: 1890

Occurred on December 29, 1890, near Wounded Knee Creek on the Lakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in the U.S. state of South Dakota. Was part of the Sioux wars were 150-300 people were killed.

Fifteen million "new" immigrants

Date: 1892

More than 15 million immigrants arrived in the United States

Hawaii annexed

Date: 1893

Queen Lili'uokalani, was overthrown by party of businessmen, who then imposed a provisional government. Soon after, President Benjamin Harrison submitted a treaty to annex the Hawaiian islands to the U.S. Senate for ratification

Peace with Spain, U.S. Receives Philippines, Samoa, Guam, and Puerto Rico

Date: 1898

The Treaty of Paris of 1898 was an agreement made in 1898 that involved Spain relinquishing nearly all of the remaining Spanish Empire, especially Cuba, and ceding Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the United States. The cession of the Philippines involved a payment of $20 million from the United States to Spain.

Open door policy

Date: 1899

A term in foreign affairs initially used to refer to the United States policy established in the late 19th century and the early 20th century, as enunciated in Secretary of State John Hay's Open Door Note, dated September 6, 1899 and dispatched to the major European powers.

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire

Date: 1911

the deadliest industrial disaster in the history of the city, and one of the deadliest in US history

Sixteenth Amendment

Date: 1911

The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.

Federal reserve act

Date: 1913

Act of Congress that created and established the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States, and which created the authority to issue Federal Reserve Notes(U. S. Dollars)

Sinking of Lusitania

Date: 1915

The sinking of the Cunard ocean liner RMS Lusitania occurred on Friday, 7 May 1915 during the First World War, as Germany waged submarine warfare against the United Kingdom who had implemented a naval blockade of Germany.

Harlem Renaissance begins

Date: 1915

A literary, artistic, and intellectual movement that kindled a new black cultural identity.

US enters WW1

Date: 1917

The U.S. joined its allies--Britain, France, and Russia--to fight in World War I. Under the command of Major General John J. Pershing, more than 2 million U.S. soldiers fought on battlefields in France. Many Americans were not in favor of the U.S. entering the war and wanted to remain neutral.

18th Amendment

Date: 1920

Established the prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States by declaring the production, transport, and sale of alcohol (though not the consumption or private possession) illegal.

Red Sumer

Date: 1919

Refers to the summer and early autumn of 1919, which was marked by hundreds of deaths and higher casualties across the United States, as a result of race riots that occurred in more than three dozen cities and one rural county. In most instances, whites attacked African Americans.

Treaty of Versailles

Date: 1919

Was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers.

19th Amendment

Date: 1920

prohibits the states and the federal government from denying the right to vote to citizens of the United States on the basis of sex

Revenue Act

Date: 1926

Raised United States individual income tax rates marginally on higher incomes

Lindbergh crosses the Atlantic

Date: 1927

the first solo transatlantic flight, and the first non-stop flight between North America and mainland Europe

Stock Market crashes

Date: 1929

The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday (October 29), the Great Crash, or the Stock Market Crash of 1929, began on October 24, 1929 and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States

Bonus army

Date: 1932

The popular name for an assemblage of some 43,000 marchers—17,000 U.S. World War I veterans, their families, and affiliated groups—who gathered in Washington, D.C. in the summer of 1932 to demand cash-payment redemption of their service certificates

Bank Holiday, "Hundered days"

Date: 1933

The First 100 Days. The President greets enthusiastic supporters in Warm Springs, Georgia on Dec. 1, 1933. March 4, 1933, was perhaps the Great Depression's darkest hour. The stock market had plunged 85% from its high in 1929, and nearly one-fourth of the workforce was unemployed.

NRA, AAA, FDIC, TVA, FERA, CCC

Date: 1933

The alphabet soup (also New Deal agencies) were the U.S. federal government agencies created as part of the New Deal of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The earliest agencies were created to combat the Great Depression in the United States and were established during Roosevelt's first 100 days in office in 1933.

21st Amendment

Date: 1933

repealed the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which had mandated nationwide Prohibition on alcohol

SEC

Date: 1934

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission is an independent agency of the United States federal government.

Social Security Act

Date: 1935

An act to provide for the general welfare by establishing a system of Federal old-age benefits, and by enabling the several States to make more adequate provision for disabled people.

Wagner Act

Date: 1935

a foundational statute of United States labor law which guarantees basic rights of private sector employees to organize into trade unions, engage in collective bargaining for better terms and conditions at work, and take collective action including strike if necessary

FDR attempts to pack Supreme Court

Date: 1937

Also called the Judicial Procedures Reform Bill of 1937, was a legislative initiative proposed by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt to add more justices to the U.S. Supreme Court.

Japan invades China

Date: 1937

the Kwantung Army of the Empire of Japan invaded Manchuria immediately following the Mukden Incident. The Japanese established a puppet state called Manchukuo, and their occupation lasted until the end of World War II

Fair labor Standards Act

Date: 1938

Establishes minimum wage, overtime pay, recordkeeping, and youth employment standards affecting employees in the private sector and in Federal, State, and local governments

World War 2 begins

Date: 1939

began before dawn even had the opportunity to break in September 1939 when German forces tore into Poland

Lend-Lease Act

Date: 1940

Congress authorized the sale, lease, transfer, or exchange of arms and supplies to 'any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the United States.

Japan attacks Pearl Harbor

Date: 1941

A surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941

U. S. Interns Japanese

Date: 1942

The forced relocation and incarceration in camps in the western interior of the country of between 110,000 and 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry, most of whom lived on the Pacific coast

Period 8-

Yalta Conference

Date: 1945

Held from February 4 to 11, 1945, was the World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union, represented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Premier Joseph Stalin, respectively, for the purpose of discussing Europe's post-war reorganization.

VE Day

Date: 1945

Formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces. It thus marked the end of World War II in Europe.

Atomic Bombs

Date: 1945

The United States dropped nuclear weapons on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively, during the final stage of World War II. The United States had dropped the bombs with the consent of the United Kingdom as outlined in the Quebec Agreement.

"Iron Curtain" Speech

Date: 1946

Winston Churchill visited Westminster College as the Green Lecturer and delivered "Sinews of Peace," a message heard round the world

Marshall Plan

Date: 1948

was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $12 billion

Containment

Date: 1948

the basic United States strategy for fighting the cold war with the Soviet Union

Berlin Airlift

Date: 1948

Helped stopped the Berlin bloackade, was the in western Berlin

Taft-Hartley

Date: 1947

a United States federal law that restricts the activities and power of labor unions

Military integrated

Date: 1948

President Truman issues Executive Order No. 9981 Desegregating the Military

NATO

Date: 1949

also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949

Communists control China

Date: 1949

Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong declared the creation of the People’s Republic of China

Korean War

Date: 1950

began when North Korea invaded South Korea. The United Nations, with the United States as the principal force, came to the aid of South Korea. China came to the aid of North Korea, and the Soviet Union gave some assistance

Joseph McCarthy "McCarthyism"

Date: 1950

is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence

Twenty-Second Amendment limits the President to two terms

Date: 1951

sets a term limit for election and overall time of service to the office of President of the United States

Brown v. Board of Education, Supreme Court strikes down "Separate but equal"

Date: 1954

was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional

Vietnam divided

Date: 1954

divided into two separate nations, divided by the Bến Hải River in Quảng Trị Province at the 17th parallel

Montgomery Bus Boycott

Date: 1955

a seminal event in the Civil Rights Movement, was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama

Warsaw Pact

Date: 1955

was a collective defence treaty among the Soviet Union and seven other Soviet satellite states in Central and Eastern Europe during the Cold War

Sputnik

Date: 1957

Was the first artificial Earth satellite launched by the Soviet Union

Eisenhower Doctrine

Date: 1957

in the Cold War period after World War II, U.S. foreign-policy pronouncement by President Dwight D. Eisenhower promising military or economic aid to any Middle Eastern country needing help in resisting communist aggression

Civil Rights Act

Date: 1957

a landmark civil rights and US labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin

First U. S. satellite

Date: 1958

Explorer 1 was the first satellite of the United States, launched as part of its participation in the International Geophysical Year

NASA

Date: 1958

the U.S. Congress passes legislation establishing the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), a civilian agency responsible for coordinating America’s activities in space

Freedom rides

Date: 1960

a group of 13 African-American and white civil rights activists launched the Freedom Rides, a series of bus trips through the American South to protest segregation in interstate bus terminals

Bay of Pigs

Date: 1961

An Invasion that was a failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the CIA-sponsored paramilitary group Brigade 2506 on 17 April 1961

Cuban missile crisis

Date: 1962

A 13-day confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union concerning American ballistic missile deployment in Italy and Turkey with consequent Soviet ballistic missile deployment in Cuba

Civil Rights march on Washington

Date: 1963

It was the largest demonstration ever seen in the nation's capital, and one of the first to have extensive television coverage

JFK assassinated

Date: 1963

the 35th President of the United States, was fatally shot in Dallas, Texas while riding in a motorcade in Dallas' Dealey Plaza, at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time

24th Amendment

Date: 1964

Prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax

War on Poverty

Date: 1964

Is the unofficial name for legislation first introduced by United States President Lyndon B. Johnson during his State of the Union address

Gulf of Tonkin

Date: 1964

It involved two separate confrontations involving North Vietnam and the United States in the waters of the Gulf of Tonkin

Great society

Date: 1964

was a set of domestic programs in the United States launched by Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson to eliminate poverty and racial injustice

Operation rolling thunder in Vietnam

Date: 1965

was the title of a gradual and sustained aerial bombardment campaign conducted by the U.S. 2nd Air Division, U.S. Navy, and Republic of Vietnam Air Force against the Democratic Republic of Vietnam from 2 March 1965 until 2 November 1968, during the Vietnam War.

Malcolm X assassinated

Date: 1965

one week after his home was firebombed, Malcolm X was shot to death by Nation of Islam members while speaking at a rally of his organization in New York City

N. O. W. Formed

Date: 1966

to take action to bring women into full participation in the mainstream of American society now, exercising all the privileges and responsibilities thereof in truly equal partnership with men.

Detroit riot

Date: 1967

also known as the 12th Street riot, was a violent public disorder that turned into a civil disturbance in Detroit, Michigan. It began in the early morning hours of Sunday, July 23, 1967.

Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King assassinated

Date: 1968

Both assassinated during their speeches

Vietnamization

Date: 1969

was a policy of the Richard Nixon administration to end U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War through a program to "expand, equip, and train South Vietnam's forces and assign to them an ever-increasing combat role, at the same time steadily reducing the number of U.S. combat troops

First man on the moon

Date: 1969

Apollo 11 launched the first two men to the moon but Neil Armstrong was the first man to place his foot on the moon

Nixon proposed New Federalism

Date: 1969

Nixon's new proposals for revamping the welfare system

Massacre at Kent State

Date: 1970

The Kent State shootings was the shooting of unarmed college students protesting the Vietnam War at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio, by members of the Ohio National guard. 4 deaths occurred from this

EPA established

Date: 1970

to consolidate in one agency a variety of federal research, monitoring, standard-setting and enforcement activities to ensure environmental protection

SALT talk begins

Date: 1972

a series of talks between United States and Soviet negotiators from 1972 to 1979 which sought to curtail the manufacture of strategic nuclear weapons. It was a continuation of the SALT I talks and was led by representatives from both countries. SALT II was the first nuclear arms treaty which assumed real reductions in strategic forces to 2,250 of all categories of delivery vehicles on both sides.

Nixon opens talks with China

Date: 1972

President Richard M. Nixon arrived in China for an official trip. He was the first U.S. president to visit the People's Republic of China since it was established in 1949. This was an important event because the U.S. was seeking to improve relations with a Communist country during the Cold War

Watergate

Date: 1972

a major political scandal that occurred in the United States in the 1970s, following a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. in 1972 and President Richard Nixon's administration's attempted cover-up of its involvement

Roe v Wade

Date: 1973

is a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of abortion. It was decided simultaneously with a companion case, Doe v. Bolton

U. S. forces withdraw from Vietnam

Date: 1973

when the number of U.S. military personnel in South Vietnam had reached 540,000, Nixon announced a modest troop withdrawal

Nixon resigns, Ford's pardon

Date: 1974

In a controversial executive action, President Gerald Ford pardons his disgraced predecessor Richard Nixon for any crimes he may have committed or participated in while in office

Vietnam falls

Date: 1975

Saigon, capital city of South Vietnam, fell to North Vietnamese forces on April 30, 1975.

Camp David Accords

Date: 1978

were signed by Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on 17 September 1978, following twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David

Panaman Canal treaties ratified

Date: 1978

ending the control of the canal that the U.S. had exercised since 1903. The treaties are named after the two signatories, U.S. President Jimmy Carter and the Commander of Panama's National Guard, General Omar Torrijos

SALT 2 competed

Date: 1979

During a summit meeting in Vienna, President Jimmy Carter and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sign the SALT-II agreement dealing with limitations and guidelines for nuclear weapons.

U. S. recognizes China

Date: 1979

In one of the most dramatic announcements of the Cold War, President Jimmy Carter states that as of January 1, 1979, the United States will formally recognize the communist People’s Republic of China (PRC) and sever relations with Taiwan

American Embassy in Iran occupied

Date: 1979

On November 4, 1979, a group of Iranian students stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, taking more than 60 American hostages.

USSR invaded Afghanistan

Date: 1979

the Soviet Union sent thousands of troops into Afghanistan and immediately assumed complete military and political control of Kabul and large portions of the country

Period 9-

U. S. boycotts olympics, withdraws from SALT 2

Date: 1980

President Jimmy Carter announces that the U.S. will boycott the Olympic Games scheduled to take place in Moscow that summer. The announcement came after the Soviet Union failed to comply with Carter’s February 20, 1980, deadline to withdraw its troops from Afghanistan

Reagan elected president

Date: 1980

Ronald Reagan won the Republican Presidential nomination in 1980 and chose as his running mate former Texas Congressman and United Nations Ambassador George Bush

WWW goes public

Date: 1980

is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators, interlinked by hypertext links, and can be accessed via the Internet. English scientist Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web

Gulf War(Operation Desert Storm)

Date: 1990

for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.

Collapse of Soviet Union

Date: 1991

On December 25, 1991, the Soviet hammer and sickle flag lowered for the last time over the Kremlin, thereafter replaced by the Russian tricolor.

NAFTA treaty

Date: 1993

North American free trade agreement is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America.

World Trade Center bombed

Date: 2001

On February 26, 1993, a bomb set by terrorists exploded below this site. This horrible act of violence killed innocent people, injured thousands, and made victims of us all." The fountain was destroyed with the rest of the World Trade Center during the September 11 attacks.

Welfare Reform

Date: 1996

a movement to change the federal government's social welfare policy by shifting some of the responsibility to the states and cutting benefits.

Bill Clinton is Impeached by the United States House ofRepresentatives

Date: 1998

the House of Representatives on December 19, 1998, against Bill Clinton, the 42nd President of the United States, on two charges, one of perjury and one of obstruction of justice.

2000 election

Date: 2000

the 54th quadrennial presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 7, 2000. Republican candidate George W. Bush won the election

World Trade Center, and Pentagon attacked

Date: 2001

were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda on the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001. The attacks killed 2,996 people, injured over 6,000 others, and caused at least $10 billion in property and infrastructure damage and $3 trillion in total costs

Operation Enduring Freedom and War against Terrorism begins

Date: 2001

Operation Enduring Freedom begins. President George W. Bush announces that US and British forces have begun airstrikes on Taliban and al Qaeda targets in Afghanistan. Airstrikes continue for five

U.S. Invades Iraq

Date: 2003

signalled the start of the Iraq War, which was dubbed Operation Iraqi Freedom by the United States

Hurricane Katrina

Date: 2005

the costliest natural disaster and one of the five deadliest hurricanes in the history of the United States

Great Recession

Date: 2007

is generally considered the largest downturn since the Great Depression

TARP passed

Date: 2008

a program of the United States government to purchase toxic assets and equity from financial institutions to strengthen its financial sector that was signed into law by U.S. President George W. Bush on October 3, 2008

Barack Obama elected

Date: 2008

On November 4, 2008, Barack Obama defeated Republican presidential nominee John McCain, 52.9 percent to 45.7 percent, to win election as the 44th president of the United States—and the first African-American to hold this office.

Affordable Care Act

Date: 2010

is a United States federal statute enacted by the 111th United States Congress and signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010

U.S. Withdraws from Iraq

Date: 2011

The withdrawal of U.S. military forces from Iraq began in December 2007 with the end of the Iraq War troop surge of 2007 and was completed by December 2011, bringing an end to the Iraq War

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