The Boston Marathon: Security since the Boston Bombing
By: Nora Kapoor
On April 15th, 2013, thousands of runners got ready at the starting line for the Boston Marathon. Towards the finish, tragedy struck, and two bombs exploded, killing three people and injuring 264. Six years later, in 2019, runners arrived safely at the finish line. So what changed?
The security for the Boston Marathon has definitely changed since the Boston bombing. Before the bombing, the security of the Boston Marathon was quick. Just walk through, and you were there. But since then, the security has become tighter, and there are cameras everywhere. Jonathan Schechner, a previous Boston Marathon runner stated, “I wasn’t scared, and it was good to know they were concerned for the runners. All streets were closed, except for the route.” Schechner also said, “You had to have a certain tag to enter the race, and the police officers would have to check and verify it.” This all started since the first marathon after the Boston bombing, which had increased the security measures. Asma Khalid from NPR news reported, “Last year, the marathon was run under extremely tight security because of the bombings. It was unclear if those new rules were here to stay, but as we approach another marathon Monday, it seems they've become the new normal. Like last year, runners have to pass through a security bag check before they can pick up their numbers.”
Additionally after the bombing, a search was taken in find of the suspects who set the bombs, and the suspect was later found as Dzhokhar Tsarnaev and his brother. Tsarnaev in the end admitted he was guilty but his brother had died from several wounds they did not receive any information from him.
Though the Boston bombing has affected many people, the security has changed immensely, making the Boston Marathon a once again welcoming race for many determined runners.
SOX! Have they gotten Better or Worse since 2014 to 2018?
By: Emmy Jones
Any fan would know that the Sox won the world series in 2018, but why not in 2014? Maybe it's the difference in stats, or the team has gotten better. But what’s the actual difference? Let’s find out.
The question is that after their amazing win in 2013 they came to a skidding stop when they give up a surprising amount of runs. Half way through the 2014 season CBS remarks that “The Sox have given up 84 more runs than they scored.” Mookie Betts only scored 5 home runs that season and Xander Bogaerts only scored 12, when just last year they both upped their game with Bogaerts who scored 23, and Betts who scored an amazing 32.
Betts committed only one error in 2014 but there was no surprise that he didn’t commit a single one in 2018. Betts also only got 55 hits in 2014 but was able to hit an amazing amount of 180. Bogaerts on the other hand, committed 10 errors both years. But unlike Betts, 2014 was a great year for him, and he got 129 hits, and was able to bump it up to 148 in 2018.
When you look at Betts’ strikeouts, however, you can see that he only struck out 31 times in 2014, but struckout 91 times in 2018. That may seem like a huge amount, but you have to remember that if you look at how many games he played in each year, he only played a measly 52 games in 2014. And in 2018 he played in 136.
Bogaerts on the other hand struck out 138 times in 2014, and only 102 times in 2018, witch is very surprising. He played in 144 games in 2014 and played in 136 games in 2018. So it makes sense why he struck out more in 2018 than he did in 2014.
Five cheating scandals in the Olympics
By: Asha David
Cheating is a common thing people do in life, thinking it will help them succeed. In fact, one of the most worldwide known events holds a lot of cheating. The Olympics. While the Olympics might have traditions, could cheating be one of them? Here are the top five cheating scandals in the Olympics.
The first big cheating scandal in the Olympics
The marathon course at the 1904 Olympics in St. Louis, Missouri, was called “The most difficult a human being was ever asked to run over.” with steep hills, traffic, and roaming wild dogs, the runners had to deal with rising temperatures and humidity. American runner Fred Lorz decided to rest after completing 9 miles, and hitched a ride for the next 11. When the car broke down, Lorz started running again and won the event. However, his cheating was quickly discovered, and Thomas Hicks was declared the winner.
At the 1976 Montreal Olympics games, Ukrainian athlete Boris Onishchenko was believed to win a medal in the pentathlon. As a skilled fencer, he was not expected to have any difficulty in the fencing part of the event. However, the British team noticed that he got a point even though he didn’t touch his opponent. (The swords were electric and programmed to count a point when the opponent was hit.) They eventually discovered that his épée had been changed, allowing Onishchenko to press a button to falsely give him a point. Since he cheated he was disqualified from the games.
For most of the 1970s and ’80s, East German women swimmers dominated their opponents, especially at the 1976 Games in Montreal, when they won 10 out of the 13 events and set 8 world records. But at the last game they won no gold medals. Steroid use became common, but none of the swimmers tested positive. Though in 1991, after the fall of the Berlin Wall, they found out that East Germany had run a state operated drug program for its athletes, but most swimmers were unaware of the fact that they were being given banned substances.
The 100-meter event at the 1988 Seoul Games has been called the “dirtiest race” because of drug use by the competitors. Although Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson technically won, his medal got taken away, after testing positive for stanozolol, an anabolic steroid. Johnson later said that it wasn’t really cheating if everyone else was using drugs. Johnson had a point, but his gold medal was still given to second-place finisher Carl Lewis, an American who had tested positive for banned stimulants during the U.S. Olympic trials that year but did not receive a suspension. Linford Christie from Britian, who was placed to the silver, tested positive for pseudoephedrine (a drug used to relieve colds, allergies, etc.) but the International Olympic Committee (IOC) later cleared him, after he blamed the results on ginseng tea (a tea used to help strengthen the immune system)
At the 2012 olympics in London, a new format was introduced in badminton. With bad results, four women teams, two from china, one from Korea and one from Indonesia were kicked out of the game for match fixing. “After lackluster play that drew boos from spectators, the teams were accused of purposely trying to lose their matches in order to improve their draw in the next round.” Amy Tikkanen quotes from Encyclopedia Britannica. They were disqualified for “not using one’s best efforts to win.”
Although these cheating scandals had a negative effect on the Olympics, it has taught the athletes that cheating isn’t a strategy for winning, while also improving the rules and guidelines for the games.
Why did the U.S. almost not attend the Olympics during World War ll?
By: Emmy Jones
When the Olympics were hosted in Berlin in 1936 during world war 2, the U.S. started a boycott. Many Jewish athletes did not want to attend and some were benched right before the event. The question is, why?
In 1936 the AAU (Amateur Athletic Union) considered not to attend the Olympics that were hosted in Berlin. Jeremiah Mahoney, the president of the AAU remarked “ The AAU voted in 1933 to accept an invitation to compete at Berlin in 1936 provided Germany pledged that there would be no discrimination against Jewish athletes. If the pledge is not kept, I personally do not see why we should compete.”
Mahoney pointed out that Germany had broken Olympic rules, in the past. The U.S. knew that if they didn’t participate in the olympics that year, many other countries wouldn’t attend as well. The AAU voted and they ended up going to the Olympics, even though, many Jewish athletes from all different countries made the decision not to attend. Avery Brundage (The President of the American Olympic Committee) stated after looking at German sports facilities that “Jewish athletes were being treated fairly and that the Games should go on, as planned.” Many anti-nazi groups and newspaper editors, led by Mahoney didn’t believe that the German Jewish athletes were being treated equally, but Brundage was able to take a vote, in order to send an American team to Berlin.
The Berlin Olympic boycott came to and end and the U.S. team ended up attending. But many Jewish athletes didn’t attend, including two american athletes, Marty Glickman and Sam Stoller who were both Jewish were benched right before the event and were replaced by two non Jewish athletes.
Is Tom Brady The Best Athlete Ever?
By: Asha David
Tom Brady is a quarterback on the Patriots who has won six super bowls, the most by a single player in NFL history, and has presented himself as the G.O.A.T (Greatest of all time) of football. But the real question is if Tom Brady is the G.O.A.T athlete. Let’s see how he does against the the G.O.A.T of baseball, basketball and hockey.
Baseball-GOAT: Babe Ruth
Babe Ruth was easily the greatest player of his era and left a lasting legacy. Ruth still has the record for all-time OPS, and is third all time in home runs and ninth in batting average. He also won four championships. In addition to his incredible batting statistics, he was also a tremendous pitcher, posting a career 2.28 ERA, including a season that he went 23–12 with a 1.75 ERA. While Babe is a legend it is hard to compare him against Brady. Brady has won six championships in comparison to Babe’s four, and Babe played in a league with 16 teams in comparison to Brady’s 32. Babe’s teams were also much more talented than Brady’s, as he played with the all-time greats Lou Gehrig, Tony Lazzeri, and Earle Combes, all Hall of Famers. With the exceptions of Randy Moss and Rob Gronkowski, a lot of less-than-legendary receivers have caught passes from Brady. Tom has had considerably less help than Ruth, while still managing to having 2 more rings than him and a 77.2 % winning percentage, best in NFL History. So Tom Brady is higher on the GOAT List than Babe Ruth.
Basketball—GOAT: Michael Jordan
Most people can agree that MJ is the greatest to ever play basketball. Like Brady's, Jordan's legacy isn't so much about holding a bunch of records. Jordan finished his career with six rings, the highest career PPG (30.1), and five MVPS. Brady also has six rings, and has reached the Super Bowl nine times, while MJ only got to the NBA Finals six times. And while MJ is considered the most dominant scorer and one of the most dominant defenders of all time, Brady's wins sets him apart. He has won 10 straight division titles (and 16 in total) and gone to eight straight AFC Championships (13 total). Both of these guys have quite an impressive records, but Brady gets it because of his total domination of the competition.
Hockey—GOAT: Wayne Gretzky
With the most ever goals, assists, and points, Gretzky has numerous NHL records to pair with his four championship rings and nine MVP awards. Gretzky set himself apart in hockey in a way that may be impossible in football. Tom Brady's 77.2% win rate is only 8.7% more than second place finisher Peyton Manning's. Gretzky has almost 1,000 more points than the next-best player, Jaromir Jagr. But will Brady leave a better legacy? Brady has six rings, compared to Gretzky’s four. And while he may have only won three MVPs, Gretzky played in an era with slightly inflated stats, as goalies tended to be a lot smaller and their equipment was less bulky. In a quote from GameFAQs a person mentions that “Funny how we always get to hear about how the Pats went 11-5 without Brady but no one really ever points out that the Oilers won the cup without Gretzky, some of those same players won with the Rangers 4 years later, and Gretzky never won again. Even though numbers don’t lie, Wayne Gretzky only has the numbers he has because he had help from his teammates and because he also played in an era where it was easier to score points."
In conclusion Tom Brady is the greatest athlete of his generation as well as the Goat of football. Well he might not be the Goat of all sports, but he hasn't shown signs of decline at age 41.
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