The Irish Rebellion of 1641 was sparked by Catholic fears of an “about to happen” invasion of Ireland by anti-Catholic forces of the English Long Parliament and the Scottish Covenanters. The English and Scottish were defying the authority of King Charles I (king of England, Scotland, and Ireland).
The Irish will defy the rule of King Charles I.
The Irish Rebellion of 1641 is considered a rebellion due to the social changes, the massacre of Protestants, the economic shift, the dispossession of Irish land, and political climate, the installment of the Catholic Confederation.
Social: Religion has hugely affected Irish history. It has caused violence and the deaths of thousands. It has been a source of hatred and a divider of Irish society. During the 1641 rebellion, thousands of Protestants from England were massacred by Catholics from Ireland because of their religion. Innocent people were killed because they were Protestant. Most of of the killing was done by sectarian paramilitaries who choose their victims based on religion.
Protestants and sometimes even innocent people were killed based solely off of religion.
Why is this important? This demonstrates how religion has created a divide, and promoted conflict in Ireland. Conflict between Protestants and Catholics has been a defining characteristic of the Irish Rebellion.
Economic: Irish landowners were forced to dispossess their land to make way for the English settlers. They had a cycle developed whereby rebellion against the English government was followed by further dispossession of rebels' lands as punishment. However, the resentment felt by the Irish against the settlers soon erupted into violence. The English settlers were robbed and evicted from their lands, farms and houses were burnt, cattle stolen.
Irish and English fighting over land.
The Irish were not happy they were forced to disposes their land.
Why is this important? The Irish were not able to produce what they were capable of producing due to the surrender of land to the English. The Irish had many different combinations of crops on their farm, and they managed each combination in a different way. Once removed from their familiar farm, their methods change and not as many crops or none were produced which effected the economies sales.
Political:rish Catholic upper classes and clergy formed the Catholic Confederation came to power in the summer of 1642. The Confederation became the government of Ireland. They were free from the control of the English administration and drafted the Confederate Oath of Association. The Irish called on all Catholics in Ireland to take it. Those who took the oath swore allegiance to Charles I and vowed to obey all orders and decrees made by the "Supreme Council of the Confederate Catholics". The rebels henceforth became known as Confederates.
They sought to keep this government so they started to create a flag.
Members of the Catholic Confederation.
Why is this important? Ireland created an entirely new form of government. They called it the Catholic Confederation. During this time, two-thirds of Ireland was governed by the Irish Catholic Confederation. The Irish self-government was active between 1642 and 1649.