Stomach Cancer by laura rodriguez

ONE OF THE BIGGEST FEARS IN LIFE IS BEING TOLD YOU ARE DIAGNOSED WITH A DISEASE. NOT JUST ANY DISEASE, BUT A DISEASE CALLED CANCER. ONE OF THOSE DEADLY FORMS OF CANCER IS CALLED STOMACH CANCER WHICH IS WHAT IM GOING TO TALK ABOUT TODAY.

Stomach cancer effects the stomach and the stomach lining. STOMACH CANCER IS TREATED IN VARIOUS WAYS, DEPENDING ON HOW LONG YOU'V HAD IT, HOW FAR IT'S SPREAD, AND WHAT STAGE YOUR CANCER IS IN. YOU AND YOUR DOCTOR CAN DETERMINE TOGETHER WHAT KIND OF TREATMENT WILL WORK BEST FOR YOU.

There's different stages within stomach cancer. There's stage 0, stage 1, stage 2, stage 3, stage 4, and stage 5. Of course, stage 0 is the least fatal stage. Just as you'd expect, stage 5 is the most fatal stage.

Stage 0

Stage 0 is the beginning stage of stomach cancer. These abnormal cells can create cancer and spread into nearby regular tissue. This stage is also called carcinoma in situ.

Stage 1

Stage 1 cancer is found in the inside lining of the mucosa (the innermost layer) of the stomach wall. There's 2 parts of stage 1, stage 1A and stage 1B. The type of stage 1 depends on where it's at. Stage 1A is found near the submucosa ( tissue next to the mucosa ). Stage 1B is when the cancer has spread to one or two lymph nodes but not to any organs or other tissues.

Stage 2

lIKE STAGE 1, STAGE 2 ALSO HAS 2 PARTS. Stage 2A cancer is when it's spread to the subserosa (tissue next to serosa) of the stomach wall. It can also spread to the muscle layer of the stomach wall. It’s also found in one or two lymph nodes near the cancer. It could also spread to the submucosa of the stomach wall and can also be found in 3 to 6 lymph nodes near the cancer.

Stage 2B

Stage 2B is when the cancer has spread to the serosa (outermost layer ) of the stomach wall. Or it’s spread to the subserosa (tissue next to the serosa) of the stomach wall and it’s found in 1 or 2 lymph nodes. It can also spread to muscle and in 7 or more lymph nodes.

Prevention

You can’t prevent stomach cancer. However, you can lower the risk of you getting it by keepING a healthy weight, eating a balanced and low fat diet, not smoking, and exercising. Sometimes doctors can prescribe medications that can lower the risk of getting stomach cancer. Usually doctors only prescribe medications only to people with existing diseases and sicknesses. You CAN ALSO Have a screening test done. Some tests you can take are physical exams, lab tests such as blood and urine tests.

In the US, 2015, there were expected to be about 24,590 people diagnosed with stomach cancer. About 10,720 of those people died. Surprisingly, the number of diagnoses have dropped since 1930. Stomach cancer is about twice as common in men and even more common in blacks than Caucasians. It’s rare to see someone under the age of 40 have this disease. The older you get, the more of an increased chance you have of getting stomach cancer.

Even though stomach cancer has decreased majorly in the United States, globally, it’s still a high amount. Stomach cancer is the second highest cause of death (cancer wise), behind lung cancer. It’s highest diagnosis rate is mostly in East Asia (Japan and China) because of heavily smoked, salted, and pickled foods.

Since there’s no risk factor directly associated with stomach cancer, there’s no way to decrease your chances. However, eating a “Western” diet, without heavily smoked or salted foods and rich in fruits and vegetables would likely decrease someone’s chances of getting stomach cancer. smoking can cause stomach cancer. It’s a huge factor as to why people have it. If you can treat it, treat it quickly for decreasing chances of stomach cancer.

The symptoms of stomach cancer are often not specific and most people would sadly present with worse diseases. The most COMMON symptoms are loss of appetite, vomiting, and decreased ability to eat large meals. More symptoms are weight loss, weakness, with or without anemia. (when blood doesn’t have enough healthy red blood cells.) Therefore, patients can be treated for benign diseases, such as ulcers, before the cancer is even diagnosed. However, if the cancer doesn’t respond the way it was supposed to, then further directions would be made with you and your doctor.

Other symptoms are vomiting blood and problems swallowing, which are less common, should be investigated. Advanced diseases can have lymph nodes in the area of the belly button, clavicle, or underarms. People with advances diseases can also have abdominal swelling.

The stage of cancer is made off of how much it’s grown since the diagnosis. Sadly, stomach cancer usually presents as a more advanced disease due to lack of early diagnosis, mainly because of the associated symptoms. Even though it’s complicated, this staging system helps physicians determine the cancer, and make treatment decisions regarding the patient’s cancer. The stage of cancer is based on information through multiple tests.

One of the most popular therapies is chemotherapy. The biggest advantage of using chemotherapy is that it travels throughout the entire body. If some tumors have spread outside of what radiation and heat can reach, they can be killed by using chemotherapy. Like radiation, some normal cells are damaged during treatment, resulting in side effects. The basic chemo is called F-5U (fluorouacil.) This type of chemo is delivered through the vein. Sometimes, chemotherapy is used before surgery or after surgery.

Another way is radiation. in some cases, radiation can be used with chemotherapy before surgery to try and shrink the tumor to make it easier. after surgery, radiation can be used to find and kill small remnants that couldn't be found or removed during surgery. Radiation can be used to slow the growth and help lower the symptoms and side effects.

One surgery you can do is a gastrectomy. A gastrectomy is a huge surgery and it can have serious side effects. Patients can only eat a small amount at a time. One common side effect is a syndrome called dumping syndrome. the name pretty much explains itself. dumping syndrome includes cramps, diarrhea, nausea, and dizziness after eating. This can happen when food enters the small intestine too quickly. doctors can suggest and prescribe medication to help control the symptoms. People who had their entire stomach removed might need injections regularly of B12 because they might not be able to get this essential vitamin throughout their stomach.

What's the difference between a total gastrectomy and a subtotal gastrectomy? A subtotal gastrectomy is when you get the lower OR UPPER part of your stomach removed. A total gastrectomy is where you get your whole entire stomach removed.

IN CLOSING, THOUGH THE OUTLOOK OF STOMACH CANCER SURVIVAL IS NOT ALWAYS GREAT, WITH NEW FORMS OF MEDICINE AND TREATMENTS BEING CREATED AND DEVELOPED EVERYDAY, THESE NEW FORMS OFTREATMENT HAVE GREATLY INCREASEDTHE ODDS OF SURVIVAL SINCE THE 1930'S.

Credits:

Created with images by euthman - "Sigmoid Colon, Submucosal Hemangioma" • euthman - "Adenomyosis, Hysterectomy Specimen" • PublicDomainPictures - "blood vial analysis" • sniperslaststand - "Stomach cancer - age group 55-64 years - cumulative observed 5-year survival" • Couleur - "fruit bowl shell fruit" • Tumisu - "lose weight weight loss belly"

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