Anne Frank Artifacts Chris Gudmundsen-Period 2

Anne Frank Video Biography

Exploring Amsterdam

The secret annex

Anne Frank and her family, who were all Jewish, hid from the Nazis in this annex for two years before they were discovered. Anne kept a diary about her experiences in the annex and what it was like to be cooped up there for such a long time.

This bookshelf was able to be moved to reveal the secret annex behind it.
Anne frequently looked out from the attic window at this chestnut tree.

Prisengracht Canal

Prinsengracht is the third of the three main canals of Amsterdam. Together, these three canals form the "fourth outlay" of the city, an expansion project that was started in the year 1612 and took 50 years to build.

The Anne Frank Huis is located near the Prisengracht Canal.

Nuremberg Law

The Mischling chart helped Nazis determine whether people were Jewish or "Mischling", meaning mixed blood.

1. Marriage between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood are forbidden. Marriages nevertheless concluded are invalid, even if concluded abroad to circumvent the law. Annulment proceedings can be initiated only by the State Prosecutor.

2. Extramarital intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood is forbidden.

3. Jews may not employ in their household female subjects of the state of German o related blood who are under 45 years old.

4. Jews are forbidden to fly the Reich or National flag or to display the Reich colors. They are, on the other hand, permitted to display the Jewish colors. The exercise of this right is protected by the State.

5. Any person who violates the prohibition under I will be punished by a prison sentence with hard labor. A male who violates the prohibition under I will be punished with a prison sentence with or without hard labor. Any person violating the provisions under III or IV will be punished with a prison sentence of up to one year and a fine, or with one or the other of these penalties. The Reich Minister of the Interior, in coordination with the Deputy of the F├╝hrer and the Reich Minister of Justice, will issue the Legal and Administrative regulations required to implement and complete the Law. The Law takes effect on the day following promulgations except for III, which goes into force on January 1, 1936. Nuremberg, September 15, 1935 at the Reich Party Congress of Freedom.

The Nuremberg Law was a law passed by Nazis which excluded the Jews from German life, as well as took away some of their natural rights. This law stated that people that didn't have pure Germn blood didn't deserve as many rights. The Nremberg Law prohibited Jews to raise the German flag, marry anyone of German blood, or be considered a German citizen. Germans didn't define a Jew as a person who practiced the Jewish religion. Instead, they defined a Jew as a person who's grandparents were Jewish.

Propaganda

Propaganda is biased or misleading information that is circulated by a form of media. It is used to influence people toward a specific opinion. There are many types of propaganda, but the most popular are demonization, which portrays the enemy as evil and murderous, emotional appeals, which use people's emotions to help the war effort and get them to take action, half truths or lies, which tell part of the truth or may just outright lie, and patriotic appeals, which use flags or patriotic language to get people to help their country.

This is an example of demonization. The Germans are portraying Jews as evil monsters.

Characters

Otto Frank

Otto Frank was born on May 12, 1889 in Frankfurt, Germany. He had 3 older siblings: an older brother, a younger brother, and an older sister. In 1914, during World War One, Otto Frank was conscripted to the German Army and promoted to lieutenant. He married Edith Hollander and had two daughters: Anne Frank and Margot Frank. In 1933, he relocated his family to Holland to get away from Nazis that wanted to kill Jews. He was described by Miep Gies as the leader of the secret annex, the most logical one.

Peter van Pels

Peter was born on November 8, 1926 in Germany. In 1937, he emigrated to the Netherlands to escape the Nazis. In 1942, he went into hiding in the secret annex with Anne. Anne's first impression of him is that he's lazy and an introvert, but as he grows more confident, she starts liking him. He died at Mauthausen in 1945.

Miep Gies

Miep Gies was born in Vienna, Austria, in 1909. She was sent to the Netherlands after World War One, along with other children who came to recover from tuberculosis and malnutrition. She loved the Netherlands, so her parents let her stay there with her Dutch family. She began working as Otto Frank's secretary at his business, and helped care for his family during their period in hiding.

Fritz Pfeffer

Fritz Pfeffer was born on April 30, 1889, in Giessen, Germany. He started a dental practice in Berlin after he finished his studies. Pfeffer married a woman in 1926, had a son in 1927, and divorced his wife in 1933. He met another woman named Charlotte Kaletta, but the Nuremberg laws prevented a Jew and a non- Jew to marry. They escaped to the Netherlands, but were still unable to marry. They all wanted to go to South America, but aren't able to leave. In the end, Pfeffer arranged for his son to go to England without him.

Act I SUMMARY

Act I of Anne Frank's diary starts at the end of the war, when Otto find Anne's diary and begins reading from it. Anne's diary begins telling their story, starting from when Anne's family and the Van Dans family went into hiding in the secret annex. The diary progresses from there, telling us about the food shortage and how the people in the annex are steadily getting annoyed of each other. Another person named Mr. Dussel arrives in the annex and things are arranged so that he shares a room with Anne. Anne writes about how selfish he is and finally, an arguement breaks out about who would get the table, Anne wanting to write and Dussel to work. The climax of the story erupts when a thief breaks into the factory below the Annex and Peter knocks over a chair, letting the thief know that somebody is hiding up there. All of the residents of the annex are afraid that if the thief is caught by the Nazis, he'll turn in the occupants of the annex to make a deal with the Nazis.

This is a ration coupon that people had to use to get food.

Warsaw Ghetto uprising

When did the Warsaw Ghetto take place?

The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising took place from April 19 to May 16, 1943.

How many people died in the Warsaw. Ghetto?

About 300,000 Jews were killed by Nazis in the Warsaw Ghetto.

How many German soldiers and Jewish fighters were killed in the uprising?

Approximately 7,000 Jewish fighters were killed during the uprising, while about 300 German soldiers were killed.

As a result of the uprising, what did it do to Jewish morale in Poland?

The uprising encouraged other Jews to revolt against the Nazis.

Anne Frank act II Summary

Act II starts when Miep brings a cake to the people in the secret annex. Everyone fights over who gets to cut the cake, until the Van Daans back down and let Mrs. Frank divide it. After Miep leaves, Mr. Kraler tells the resident of the secret annex that Carl, the new employee at Mr. Frank's business is asking for more money, and that he thinks that Carl is blackmailing them. The situation finally explodes when Mr. Van Daan accuses Peter of all their troubles, and Anne gets angry, saying that it's not their fault that the war happened. Peter comes into Anne's room and talks to her, calming her down, saying that she always knows what to say. Scene III starts when Mr. Van Daan is caught stealing food from the safe, and Mrs. Frank yells that she wants the Van Daans out of the Annex. Everyone is ashamed of what they did when Miep brings news that the invasion of Germany has started, and that they will soon be free. The play begins it's falling action when the resident of the annex are found by the Nazis, and it ends as Mr. Frank finishes Anne's diary, saying that she always thought people were good inside, and that "She puts me to shame."

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